Author How Simple! Situations in life happen different, and it happens that the cardinal points need to be quickly determined, without even leaving the apartment. How to proceed in this case if you do not have a compass? First of all, do not despair and try to get out of the situation using absolutely simple, but no less ingenious ways. Instructions The first thing that comes to mind is to turn to the neighbors. If you live in an apartment building, then it is quite possible that your neighbors, who have been living here for a longer time, know where the south is here and where the north is and will gladly tell you about it. If you want to determine the sides of the world, being in your apartment, on your own, then just observe where and how the sun rises every morning. From any window on any side, this can be determined at least approximately. Accordingly, if you have the south in front of your eyes, then on the right hand there will be west, on the left - sunrise, and behind - north. However, this is a bit inaccurate. , because the sun is in constant motion. AND if you need accurate information? If a worldwide network is available at your service, then you can determine the sides of the world using the Internet. To do this, find a map of your own city, where you need to enter your address. After receiving a printout with its own , on which the sides of the world are always indicated, looking out the window, you can navigate very easily. Another way is with a conventional mechanical watch with hands. This method works only if the day is sunny enough. So, aim the hour hand directly at the sun, and divide the angle between that hand and the number 1 if it's winter and 2 if it's summer. This bisector will be straight south. If you urgently need to determine which side of the world is, , then this can be done by looking at the starry sky from the balcony. If you manage to find the North Star, then keep in mind that it shines in the north. Finding this star is not difficult: first you need to find the constellation Ursa Major in the sky. Next, we draw a conditional straight line passing through the two extreme stars of the Big Dipper. On this conventional straight line, five times mark the same distance as the distance between the last two stars. It is there that the North Star will shine. Stand facing her: the east will be on the right, and the west will be on the left. Related article Habits that will change your life for the better
How to determine the cardinal points in an apartment without a compass
Author How Simple!
Situations in life happen different, and it happens that the cardinal points need to be quickly determined, without even leaving the apartment. How to proceed in this case if you do not have a compass? First of all, do not despair and try to get out of the situation using absolutely simple, but no less ingenious ways.
The first thing that comes to mind is to turn to the neighbors. If you live in an apartment building, then it is quite possible that your neighbors, who have been living here for a longer time, know where the south is here and where the north is and will gladly tell you about it.
If you want to determine the sides of the world, being in your apartment, on your own, then just observe where and how the sun rises every morning. From any window on any side, this can be determined at least approximately. Accordingly, if you have the south in front of your eyes, then on the right hand there will be west, on the left - sunrise, and behind - north. However, this is a bit inaccurate.payment
, because the sun is in constant motion. ANDwhat to do
if you need accurate information?
If a worldwide network is available at your service, then you can determine the sides of the world using the Internet. To do this, find a map of your own city, where you need to enter your address. After receiving a printout with its ownhome
, on which the sides of the world are always indicated, looking out the window, you can navigate very easily.
Another way is with a conventional mechanical watch with hands. This method works only if the day is sunny enough. So, aim the hour hand directly at the sun, and divide the angle between that hand and the number 1 if it's winter and 2 if it's summer. This bisector will bepoint out
If you urgently need to determine which side of the world is,at night
, then this can be done by looking at the starry sky from the balcony. If you manage to find the North Star, then keep in mind that it shines in the north. Finding this star is not difficult: first you need to find the constellation Ursa Major in the sky. Next, we draw a conditional straight line passing through the two extreme stars of the Big Dipper. On this conventional straight line, five times mark the same distance as the distance between the last two stars. It is there that the North Star will shine. Stand facing her: the east will be on the right, and the west will be on the left.
Habits that will change your life for the better
- How to determine where north is without a compass
- How to find north without a compass
- How to find out where the south is
- How to tell where south is without a compass
- How to find out where the East is
- How to find out the cardinal points
- How to find north and south
- How to determine the cardinal points in an apartment
- How to determine where is north and where is south, without a compass
- How to find the cardinal points
- How to determine east without a compass
- How to identify east
- How to determine where north is
- How to determine where is south, where is north
- How to identify east, north and west
- How to determine the cardinal points
- How to identify west
- How to determine where north, south, west and east are
- How to determine your location relative to the cardinal points
- How to identify the south
- How to determine south and north
On this page, anyone can run a compass online, determine the cardinal points in an apartment for free, even without using special equipment and installing applications. It is enough to have an Internet connection and a few minutes of free time.
Orientation with Google Maps
The easiest and fastest solution is not to "bother" with a bunch of programs and devices on a laptop. Although if we are talking about a compass in a smartphone, then the task would be generally elementary (we will tell you more at the end of the review)
- Go to https://www.google.com/maps (in a computer browser or from a phone);
- Find the required address through the search bar:
- North is at the top by default, South is at the bottom, East is on the right, and West is on the left. But this is not enough, because if you are inside the room, it is difficult to figure out which side the windows face;
- For more information, click on the yellow man symbol in the corner to display routes and panoramic viewpoints:
- Select a point or line that is as close as possible to your object, and after uploading a photo, you need to visually find it, and then look at the red compass arrow (it points to the North):
Online calculator OsmCompass
The service was developed with the support of Google and is the best to date. Even if it is in English, it can offer a user-friendly interface and great information content. The instructions for using the service are simple, first you need to go to https://osmcompass.com/ .
If you decide to use the online compass to determine the sides in the apartment, use the following algorithm:
- click on the "Draw Single Leg Route" section to go to the map;
- a regular online map will open, and enter your location in an empty line;
- first set the appropriate scale with the mouse wheel:
- press the "SHOW COMPASS" button next to the site navigation to activate Google Compass;
- move it in the desired direction, rotate, change the length of the pointer. Below is a simple example:
To operate the map again, you must first remove the compass (HIDE).
How to use an online compass and determine the cardinal points, directions
The virtual instrument itself is a central circular disk that rotates relative to the rectangular board. In the center of the disk there is a magnetic needle, it is always directed to the north and immediately above it there is another one, also movable.
- Rotate the rectangle itself so that the red arrow “looks” at the final waypoint, for this click on the circular arrow;
- Turn in the desired direction while holding the above arrow. The length of the red arrow can be increased if necessary. To do this, use the green diamond icon, it is located above the end of the arrow, holding it, pull the arrow to the desired location;
- After that, you can see the azimuth - located in the right corner;
- There is an option to instantly create a route, for this you need to tap on the "Drow Route" tab and confirm the action by clicking on the "OK" button;
- You can close the compass by left-clicking on "HIDE COMPASS".
There is a possibility to switch the map view, for this there is a “Map” tab. After clicking on it, a list of cards will open, from which you can choose the one you need.
Compass on your phone
The most remarkable thing is that the developers have created many programs for determining the cardinal points for different operating systems, which are easy to download for free. It should be noted right away that for the normal correct operation of such products, you need a magnetic sensor on your smartphone.
Today it is in almost every device. And you don't even need to install third-party software. For example, on my Xiaomi Redmi Note 4, the following application is available by default:
Usually, such utilities do NOT require an Internet connection to work, but if there is no sensor on your device, then the software will not work.
The methods listed in the article are quite enough to use the online compass and determine the cardinal points without even leaving your apartment or office.
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New release "Why club
"will also be on the road.
Apparently, I'm already so used to answering questions and experimenting on Fridays that I can't get rid of this habit even on vacation :) Therefore, we conduct classes from the Verkhnezamorskiy - Crimean village on the Sea of Azov.
This time the children and I were interested in the question: "How to determine the cardinal points?
The fact is that the other day wemade a weather vane
... And we needed to mark the cardinal points on it so that we could find out from which side the wind was blowing.
There are several ways to determine this.
Method 1. Determine the cardinal points by sunrise and sunset.
This method is the easiest. Even my six-year-old Katya knows him. The sun rises in the east and sets in the west. So, if you stand as in front of a geographic map, i.e. so that the right hand is where the sun rises (east), and the left hand is where (west), then north will be in front, and south behind. This method is suitable only for roughly determining the cardinal points, since it depends on the season. Ideally, it works only two days a year: on the day of the spring and autumn equinox. To orient the weather vane, it can only be used as an auxiliary to the others. I will describe them below.
|Determination of the cardinal points by sunset|
When the sun is at the highest point of the sky (at the zenith), then it points strictly to the south. So in the opposite direction is north, on the sides - west and east. But how to determine exactly when the sun is at its zenith?
It's very simple - along the length of the shadow. At the moment when the sun is at its highest point, shadows from objects are shortest.
This means that we need to measure the shadow of an object throughout the day (for example, we marked the length of the shadow from a gnomon stick inour sundial
). And determine the smallest shadow.
The end of the shadow will point north.
Please note that you need to measure when the shortest shadow will be. Not a shadow at noon. Because solar time and clock time do not match.
Why? This is a separate interesting question, I hope we will get to it someday.
|The shortest shadow will be at astronomical noon|
Method 3. We determine the cardinal points by compass.
I put this method in third place, although it most often comes to mind. But the fact is that there is not always a compass at hand. Therefore, this elementary method cannot be used everywhere. (For example, we now have no compass when we are making a weather vane). And for kids, the compass is a complex device. It is not easy for them to understand the principles of its operation, therefore the fact that the compass needle "knows" where the north is, they perceive as some kind of magic, and not a scientific fact. And they still need to be taught how to use a compass. For example, we in due time for thisplayed sailors
|Determination of the cardinal points by compass|
Method 4. Determine the cardinal points from using a needle.
But if you are already familiar with the compass, and the only problem is its absence, then you can replace the compass with a magnetized needle. I already talked about this method inpost about magnet properties
To do this, you need a vessel with water, vegetable oil or a small piece of floating material (cork or foam),steel needle
and something that can magnetize it.
We did not have a magnet, and we used ordinary needles for magnetizingsteel scissors
... To clarify, the scissors should be made of metal that can be magnetized. They must be clicked quickly, quickly, and then a magnetic field is formed in the metal. And then rub the needle against the scissors to transfer magnetic properties to it. After that, the needle becomes a compass needle: it strives to turn along the north-south line.
If you grease it with vegetable oil (or stick it into a piece of cork) and put it on the surface of the water, then nothing will prevent the needle from getting into the right position.
This method has only one drawback - this way you can determine the north-south direction, but in which direction it is north, and in which south, it is necessary to determine in additional ways. For example, method number 1.
|Magnetized needle compass|
Method 5. We determine the cardinal points by Пpolar star.
The North Star is located practically at the point of the North Pole of the world (i.e., when the Earth rotates, it remains stationary in the sky). This is very convenient for orientation - it is always visible exactly to the north. Finding it in the night sky is very easy. With some practice, preschoolers can do it too. First you need to learn how to find the Ursa Major's bucket in the sky. After that it is necessary to mentally draw a line through two stars forming the side of the bucket farthest from the "handle". If this line is continued further, then it will run into a bright star - this will be the alpha of the Ursa Minor, Polaris. That means north is on that side.
|How to find the North Star. (Picture from Wikipedia)|
Method 6. Determine the cardinal points using computer applications.
There are many computer programs that can help you navigate to the cardinal points.
For example, you can use regular Google Maps. On this map, you can see the whole world in huge resolution. Therefore, if you need to determine from which side of the world that tree is from you, you just need to find it and your location on the map. And the map itself is already oriented to the cardinal points as usual: up-north, down-south, left-west, right-east.
There are also special applications for mobile phones. Modern models have a built-in compass. But you can additionally put a program (we have a java applet "Compass"), which determines the cardinal points by the position of the sun. The program needs information about the hemisphere you are in. Using the current time, it draws a north-south, west-east crosshair on the screen. After that, all you have to do is turn your mobile phone to the sun - to where it is at that moment. And then the crosshairs on the screen will coincide with the real directions to the cardinal points.
|On the left is the old version of the program that we have installed, and on the right is the new improved version|
Method 7. We determine the cardinal points by natural objects.
This is the most unreliable way.
We all remember from school that there is more moss on the trunks of lonely trees and on the stones on the north side. Or that the side of the nest is steeper on the north side, but try to put this knowledge into practice somehow. It turns out that not everything is so simple. The location of the moss is influenced by many other factors, for example, the shade of the relief, the presence of water sources, the wind blowing in this area, and a bunch of other reasons. And with anthills I can not determine anything at all - their shape, in my opinion, depends only on where it is located. Other forest signs look just as shaky: reddening of barrels of lingonberries and strawberries on the south side, turning the heads of the train in the sun (where can we find it?), Etc. They are, apparently, statistically correct, and even "work" not for every locality. Therefore, the determination of the cardinal points for natural objects is best used in combination with other methods.
The children and I checked all these methods of determining the cardinal points (except for the last one, since there were no moss, no anthills, no flowers, no berries nearby - there was bare steppe around).
And they all gave almost the same result.
Therefore, we can safely assume that our weather vane is oriented to the cardinal points correctly!
Sometimes there are situations where you need to determine the cardinal points, but there is no compass. What to do in such situations? How to navigate natural landmarks? What will help us to freely get out of this or that area without the help of a compass? Let's figure it out! Are we starting to understand in detail and efficiently, efficiently, useful, productive, interesting, informative?
How to determine the cardinal points without a compass
How to determine the north in an apartment
We determine the sides of the world, thanks to their life, life and existence on Earth, in our apartment, is bypassed, using our attentiveness. You need to observe where and in what place the sun rises every morning. At this point, the place will be the East, you know, the sun wakes up there. Then we stand so that the right hand points towards the east, then the left hand will point towards the west, which means that there is north in front, and south behind.
If we are in a private house and urgently need to determine the cardinal points, for this we will go out into the courtyard and define them by our own shadow. If the sun is at the very top, then it is directed clearly to the south, the western and eastern parts of the world flow on the left and right sides, and north is parallel to the south. When we need to correctly determine at what moment the sun is at its zenith, we need to measure the change in the elongation of the shadow, at the moment when the shadow becomes significantly short, during this period the sun is directed exactly to the South.
How to determine the cardinal points with a compass
Let's figure out what a compass is. Compass —it is a device for measuring, finding the cardinal points. Its application allows you to easily travel to new corners of the world without losing your location. It consists of an arrow — one end of which is north, the other south, it is also divided into 4 sectors - north, west, east and south.
In order to correctly determine your location, you need to turn the computer's sleep into a non-rough area, isolating from it various devices, tools, which include metal and magnetic bodies, then you need to wait until the arrow calms down and goes in the right direction. Where the sharp part of the arrow points, there will be north, parallel —south, and on the left and right, there will be west and east.
Methods for determining the cardinal points
In fact, there are a lot of options for exploring the cardinal points. We will now tell you about the most effective, proven, understandable methods. Nature itself gives us hints and guides us where we should, it is worth listening and seeing its signs. Let's analyze the most popular ways to determine the cardinal points.
Remember that mosses and lichens do not like heat and sun, therefore they grow mainly in the shade. From this it should be concluded that where mosses and lichens grow, the north is. Look carefully at which side there is a lot of moss, where it is very dense. Now it is quite easy to determine the cardinal points: south is behind, and on the left and right sides —east and west.
the main thing —choose a suitable tree and not be mistaken in the directions of the cardinal points. And you can also touch the moss, where its density is greater, there is the south.
By the sun
As we already know, the sun rises in the East, therefore, focusing on this phenomenon, you can safely determine the rest of the world. You can also use a wrist watch. Place them in the direction of the sun. Then the shadow from the hour hand and the number twelve, or rather, this angle, will show the direction, divide it in half. This will be the South side.
If you are not in your area after the sun rises, then do not be discouraged, the sun sets in the West. Based on this, you can safely get out of this or that locality, district, district, city, country. For more information on how to navigate by heavenly bodies, read on our website.
Along the anthill
Another natural compass that nature has created is the anthill. If you are in the forest, get lost, do not know how to get out, rather look for a wild anthill, it will help you escape and get out of this situation. So, in order to determine the cardinal points of the anthill, you need to look at where the most convex side is, to which part they tend.
After all, as you know, these insects are thermophilic, so their most prominent cluster will be in the south. A more humpbacked bulge will be located in the South, according to these signs it is very easy to navigate, you just need to take a closer look. You can read more about how to navigate the anthill in our article.
By the moon
We know for sure that the full moon is on the south side of the world. How much it is lit depends on the sun. If we have a full moon, then it is behind our back, but if it is placed in the first part, then it is not. So, in order to determine the cardinal points of the moon, it is necessary to decompose the moon's radius into six equal parts, and understand how many such parts we see (are illuminated).
Then you need to subtract or add the number of shares, depending on the waning and waning of the moon. The number that we got should be noted on the dial and combined with the Moon. Now the most important thing, the angle is between number one (in winter) and number two (in summer), will be directed towards the south.
By the moon
On the stumps
Many people know very well what growth rings on tree stumps are. They will help determine the cardinal points. Consider a tree stump. Growth rings located on tree stumps are more widely spaced from each other where the south is, and closer to each other where the north is. And also by these rings you can determine how old this tree was. Look carefully, compare the different distances between them. You can compare two stumps to more accurately determine the cardinal directions that are needed.
So, if you get lost, find yourself in a difficult situation, from which you cannot get out without a compass, do not despair, nature has created many compasses, thanks to which you will accurately determine your path, direction and without difficulties you will find yourself in the place where you need it.
Orientation methods are taught in school on the subject of life safety, but not everyone listens and learns this science, but in extreme situations, you can resort to these situations, rely on, rely, be sure!
How to find out the cardinal points in an apartment
You will need:
- Cardinal points
- Horizon sides
When using the Feng Shui methodology to calculate and find the sectors of wealth, love and career, it is very important to know how to determine the cardinal points of the house without a compass. If you believe this oriental practice, Feng Shui orientation of the apartment to the cardinal points can easily bring peace, comfort and harmony to the apartment. However, there is not always a compass at hand. And not everyone knows with confidence the location of the apartment on the cardinal points. But do not give up this business. Without problems and with ease, you can determine the sides of the horizon without leaving the apartment and without much effort.
Determination of the cardinal points in the apartment
The first way is this: Most of the advanced housewives are trying to arrange furniture in their apartment according to certain rules and norms of Feng Shui. But in order to use this teaching, it is necessary to understand quite accurately how to orient the house to the cardinal points. In fact, you can easily find out the location of all four directions of the earth using a compass. This is a surefire way to recognize cardinal points. The working compass shows the same result in all parts of Mother Earth, regardless of location and height. However, anomalous magnetic zones appear as an exception.
Although everyone knows about the existence of a compass, not everyone knows how to handle it correctly. In fact, there is nothing complicated here. The front sight of the device is set to zero position. The compass itself is taken and positioned horizontally. Then the brake mechanism of the magnetic needle is released. It is necessary to turn in such a way that the northern part of the compass pointer stops at zero. North will be located in this direction. On the opposite side is south, on the left is west, and opposite is east. However, this tool is not always at hand.
Determination of the cardinal points in the apartment without a compass
For this, not so much is needed: beautiful sunny weather and a wrist watch. Take a simple round watch with a dial edging and, most importantly, with hands. Apply this method between 6 am and 6 pm. They are positioned in such a way that the hour hand is turned in the direction of the sun. Then we divide the angle between twelve o'clock of the selected hand in half. It is this imaginary line that will show the location of the south. For reference: At 12 noon, the south will be located to the right of the sun. If you check after 12 o'clock - on the left. Now it will not be difficult to determine the cardinal points while in the room.
Cloudy days will be an exception. Here are some tips on how to calculate the cardinal points by checking a few wildlife beacons. Very useful information for forest lovers:
- Shrubs, stumps, trees, as is usually the case, are covered with lichen, moss and thick bark from the north side.
- At elevated temperatures, the spruce emanates abundantly with resin, thereby indicating a southern direction to the traveler.
- In the mountains, the cardinal points are usually determined by the quantitative composition of trees. Usually the northern slopes are abundantly dotted with spruce, beech and pine trees. Oaks and pines abound on the southern slopes.
- Fungus growth grows best on the tree trunk on the north side.
Suppose you needed to determine the cardinal points in your home - well, you never know. Maybe you are into feng shui. Or maybe you want to provide the greatest comfort to indoor plants. Or you have a purely scientific interest. Anyway, we will teach you!
Using a compass
The easiest way is to determine the cardinal points in an apartment with a compass.
North on the compass is indicated by the letters C or N. You need to stand in the middle of the room and place the compass horizontally. If this is an ordinary tourist compass (such as can be found on a watch strap, in a lighter, or on a knife handle), align the end of the arrow with the letter for north. For Adrianov's compass, for example, you will first need to move the locking device.
Many people now use electronic compasses, which are usually built into watches. They are not so convenient, but still effective. Put your digital watch in compass mode, take a few steps and look at the screen.
If you don't have a compass at hand
Nevertheless, not always such a thing as a compass is found in everyday life. In this case, you just need to study the ways of how to determine the cardinal points in an apartment without a compass.
By the sun
Many believe that the sun always rises in the east and sets in the west. This is only partly true, since this happens only in autumn and spring. In summer, for example, the points of rise and set are in the southeast and southwest, while in winter they are in the northeast and northwest.
So, turn to face the window. If the light enters in the morning, then the north will be on your left, in the evening - on the right. But if the rays of the sun hit at lunchtime, it will be possible to determine the cardinal points, armed with an ordinary pencil. It must be placed on the windowsill so that the shadow falls - here it will point to the north.
By the hour
If the sun is shining all day, the cardinal directions can also be determined with the help of an ordinary clock. Aim with the clockwise hand at the luminary and halve the angle between this arrow and one, if it is winter outside (for summer - two). The bisector will point south.
By the stars
A way for astronomers and romantics. Look from the balcony to the starry sky and try to find the North Star - it always shines in the north.
Finding her is not difficult: you probably know what the Big Dipper looks like. Draw a straight line mentally through the two outermost stars of this constellation. Now on this line, measure the distance five times, similar to the distance between the last two stars. This is where the Pole Star shines. Having faced her, you will find west to the left of you, and east to the right.
This is where the World Wide Web comes to your aid. Find a map of your city and enter your home address. After these simple manipulations, you will receive a printout with your house and an indication of the cardinal points. By looking out the window, you will be able to orient yourself very quickly.
If you are fond of the art of feng shui, you probably know that for well-being in life, you need to activate certain zones in your home. Let's find out how to determine the cardinal points in an apartment using feng shui.
But first, let's remember the location of each zone.
- South - fame, self-realization.
- North is a career.
- East - family and health.
- West - children and creativity.
- Southwest - love and marriage.
- Northwest - patrons and travel.
- Southeast is a financial success.
- Northeast is wisdom.
Now you can go to the calculations.
This method is the easiest. You just need to draw a Bagua diagram on cardboard and cut it out. You can also use a ready-made scheme from the Internet.
Draw a floor plan of your apartment using a scale similar to the diagram. Remember where your windows go? Bagua will need to be rotated in a mirror image. For example, if the windows face west, the wall with windows on the plan of the apartment must be connected to the east on the Bagua diagram.
In addition to the compass, you will also need a rectangular floor plan and a protractor. Set the compass to north and mark it at the bottom of the drawing. Then find the center of the apartment and, using the protractor, divide the plan into 8 equal sectors. Finally, mark the cardinal points.
Well, now you know how to determine the cardinal points in an apartment. Nothing complicated, right?
What if you don't have a real compass at hand, but you need to determine the cardinal points? It doesn't matter, you can also do it online: on a computer or in a mobile application.
- Google Maps from a computer (or phone)
- Compass app from a mobile device
- Watching the sunrise and sunset
How to determine the cardinal points from a computer using Google Maps
Despite the fact that the monitor does not rotate, and the north is always at the top, you can still navigate by the cardinal points in Google Maps.
First, find your location. For this:
- Open maps.google.com.
- Enter your address and press Enter.
You will see a top view of the terrain, along which you need to orient yourself somehow.
Remember north is at the top of the map now. It would seem that this is enough.
But looking at the area from above, many find it difficult to find the side where their windows face. Panoramas will help simplify this task. To open a panorama:
- Click the yellow man.
- Blue lines will appear - these are the places where you can click to open the panorama. These places are circled by a Google car and photographed.
A 3D picture already familiar to the human eye will open, in which you can move. And it has a compass!
An important point - in Google maps, the red end of the arrow points to north , and not south, as is customary in school textbooks. Because in all serious maps the southern end is not marked at all, only the northern end is highlighted in color. So north is red.
It's easier to navigate in such a picture. For example, I see that my windows are looking to the right - towards the road. Which cardinal points are these - you can see the compass arrow on the right side of the screen. It is directed with the red end to the right and slightly up. It means north and a little up. How to determine if it is east or west (above)? Easily. Just pretend you are facing north. Then on the right hand will be east, and on the left - west. Thus, the arrow points to the northwest. This means that the windows face northeast - this is the direction perpendicular to the road from left to right.
You can rotate the 3D image, the compass needle will rotate with it - after all, north is always in the same direction. Move in the panorama as it suits you best - even to the very windows. And rotate the 3D layout as you like. North will continue to be marked with a red arrow. This is how you can determine the cardinal points online at home from a computer. A minimum of orientation is required. If you do not want to orient yourself in your mind at all, but you need something exactly like a real compass, then a mobile application will come to the rescue. You can turn the phone in your hands as you like, and the arrow on the screen will always remain pointing in the same direction.
Similarly, you can determine the sides on Yandex.Maps, only there is no compass arrow, but there are panoramas.
How to determine the cardinal points using mobile applications
Almost every phone already comes with a pre-installed Compass app .
- On the iPhone, iPad, there is definitely a Compass application.
- Android has it too. For example, on phone Xiaomi attachment Compass located in the folder Tools (in the same place where Contacts , Clock , Calculator ...):
When you open the application, you need to move the phone by swiping it on an outstretched hand with a figure eight in space. This is how the application is configured. After that, the compass will “orient itself” and the needle will stop twitching. It will steadily show the direction of the north and south.
In general, there are many mobile compass applications for all operating systems. But it's better to use the app that comes with your phone.
Please note that these apps require a magnetic sensor on your phone to work. It is sometimes referred to simply as a “compass,” but it is a technical sensor, not an application; the application is installed from above. This is the technical characteristics of the phone.
To punch your phone for the presence of a sensor, it will find it on the Yandex-market and in the “detailed specifications” see the section “Other functions-> Sensors”. For example, Apple iPhone 7 has a sensor:
If your phone has a magnetic sensor but no app (which is unlikely), here are just some mobile apps that show a compass arrow on the screen:
The Internet is usually not required for applications to run. And if there is no sensor, the application will not work.
I tested a couple of apps on an old tablet that didn't have their own compass app. Honestly, it's terrible. I have a Samsung Galaxy Tab, it seems to have a magnetic sensor, but you can't get out of the forest with such compasses. Slowly, like a snail, the arrow spins across the screen and points in one direction, then in the other. I don't exclude that this is a technical malfunction.
In the new Xiaomi phone, the built-in Compass worked perfectly.
There are also traditional ways to determine the cardinal points.
Watch the sunrise and sunset
It is known that the sun rises in the east and sets in the west. To determine north, extend your arms out to the sides and stand so that your right is pointing east. Then there will be north in front and south in the back.
How to calculate the cardinal points without a compass, smartphone and map?
Now that we all have GPS and Google Maps with Yandex.Maps on our phones, which are always with us and ready to serve us at any moment, we have already managed to forget many useful techniques that we were taught at school in geography lessons and which so excellently helped us navigate in space in any conditions, without maps, without compasses and, of course, without these same smartphones.
And okay, we, those who managed to enjoy a non-synthetic life without the influence of smarts, all kinds of electronic assistants and all kinds of electronic devices, but the new generation of those born in the early 2000s and later, unfortunately, did not come into contact with those rules of the game that were used before Apple's electronic revolution. But although they were more complicated, they could perfectly develop logic, ingenuity in a person, teach wisdom and help in difficult times. Because they were really helpful ...
But sometimes, without knowledge and without your beloved smartphone, you can simply not survive! For example, you are walking in the forest, winter. At some point, you lose sight of the well-trodden path and realize that you are lost. It doesn’t matter, you argue, and taking your phone out of your pocket, you try to enter the “maps” application. And suddenly ... you realize that your phone is not working. From the word "in general"! The battery is depleted. Here's what you will do to orient yourself, find where the north, south, west and east are?
Okay, let's not even take such an extreme example, let's say you're just curious where are which cardinal points? You cannot pick up a smartphone. Maps and compasses too. What will you do? We will show you how to act correctly in such a situation.
Here are a few strategies that will point you in the right direction, and in doing so, you will find it solely through your knowledge, and not through assistive devices.
Do the “compasses” in smartphones show the direction correctly?
In fact, I don't know a single person who would walk mushrooming with a smartphone with a compass turned on. Normal people always take a real device with them, and those in the know also take with them a map of the area, matches, a knife and a fully charged phone (in order to call and call rescuers in case of problems, if the coverage of the Network allows).
So, if on maps via GPS the location is really shown with an accuracy of several meters, then with the work of electronic compasses, it's a disaster. Here's an example of how compasses work on two Apple devices: iPhone 6 and iPhone 7:
And who to believe? In the settings, both have "True North", yes, the measurements were made in a room where interference from electronic devices, plus reinforcement and a layer of concrete, have a significant effect, but still the difference on the devices is obvious. The most interesting thing is that the discrepancy with magnetic north on a real compass is 60 to 120 degrees for both devices.
All in all, I honestly wouldn't rely on phone readings in the field. Moreover, this "compass" runs out of battery very quickly. A toy, no more.
Use the sun to calculate the cardinal points
This is a pretty simple, even basic piece of orienteering knowledge. There is hardly a person in the world who does not know such fundamental common truths that the sun rises in the east and sets in the west. And at 12 noon, the star crosses the geographic meridian.
If you are trying to figure out whether your gaze is directed towards sunrise or sunset, pay attention to where the sun is moving - this is your best choice, during the daytime, of course. And also if there are no clouds in the sky.
At the same time, knowing that the sun rises in the east, you can, by facing it, find out that north will be on the left, south on the right, west, respectively, behind.
However, one should also not forget a number of nuances.
So, for example, in the northern hemisphere (in which our country is located) the sun rises in the east and hides behind the horizon in the west only two days a year: March 21 and September 23. These are the days of the so-called spring and autumn equinox.
The rest of the time, the position of the star shifts somewhat to the north (spring-summer period), to the south - with the approach of winter, to the northeast and northwest, June 21 - on the day of the summer solstice and southeast - southwest - in winter, on the day of the so-called winter solstice.
In general, it is not exactly located in the sky, but a general understanding of the direction of movement will allow you to find it, especially if you know the indirect signs of the north and south. For example, moss on lonely trees is more likely to grow on trunks on the north side ... the same will happen on the north side of rocks. *
* Here we emphasize an important nuance. Moss may also grow all around the trunk, or it may not be present at all. It can grow in dense thickets and on lonely trees, while on different nearby trees it can be on different sides of the trunk.
It is important to find a certain pattern here. Only in this way can this natural sign be a good help in finding out a more accurate direction of movement.
How to determine the direction of the parts of the world at noon?
Ok, at least you can calculate at least the location of the parts of the world when the sun just came out or is already setting over the horizon. But what to do when it is at its zenith? That is, over your head?
There is also a calculation technique for this. In short:
We need to find a clean piece of land that gets enough direct sunlight. Then we need to find a straight stick and stick it at a 90 degree angle into the ground.
A shadow will fall from the stick. Place a mark where the edge of the shadow falls (mark this place with a pebble or peg). After about 15-30 minutes the shadow will move, mark the edge of the shadow again.
Now that we have two points, we can connect them with a line. This line will give us a rough idea of the east-west direction. In this case, the first set point will point to the west, the second to the east.
Unfortunately, this option will work only on a sunny day, but it will allow you to navigate the terrain during a halt in the shortest possible time with greater accuracy than just being guided by the sun at sunrise or sunset.
Another logical tip. Never look directly into the sun. Even with sunglasses on. This could injure your eyes.
Use a wristwatch to determine the cardinal points
Determining the time by analog clocks (wrist, with hands) is becoming less and less relevant, but if you need a compass and you wear a watch with hands, you are in luck. In fact, even if you have a fashionable digital watch on your wrist, all you need to do is visualize the arrows on the dial, and if you have a smartwatch like Samsung Galaxy Watch or Apple Watch, then you won't need to connect your fantasy - just change the virtual dial to the arrow dial.
Remove the watch and align the hour hand with the sun (point it towards the sun). Imagine a line that divides the space between the number 1 (hour) and the hour hand (still looking at the sun). This line will point south. For example, if the clock shows 4:00 pm, the line halfway between 1:00 pm will point to 2:30 pm. *
The line dividing this angle indicates the approximate direction in which the Sun is at noon, that is, the direction to the south.
Until noon, we divide the sector of the dial, which the hour hand should go before the “hour”, in the afternoon, the one that it passed after the “hour”:
Simple but descriptive drawing was taken from the site pikabu.ru
*Important! Since winter time has been in effect throughout Russia since October 26, 2014, the sector should be counted from "1".
Briefly and succinctly on the topic:
Find a church
Another option to get to the bottom of where the horizon goes - to the west, east ... Not always exactly correct, but as an auxiliary landmark it can complement the picture.
So, if you are in a village or in an abandoned village, perhaps you will find a temple there, or rather a church. You need to know that in Orthodox churches the altar will most often be facing east. The bell tower will face west.
Christian churches are generally aligned west to east, with an altar at the east end of the temple facing sunrise. Gravestones in cemeteries are also usually aligned from west to east.
Look at the stars
Night option. It's night outside. What to look for in the firmament? Ursa Minor constellation:
You need to find the North Star, which is located in one of the constellations familiar to every student: Ursa Major and Ursa Minor. Polaris is located in the constellation Ursa Minor (the constellation "hangs" above the Ursa Major's dipper and, as it were, represents a bucket inverted from left to right). The outermost star (the brightest of all) is the North Star. She points north.
And then it's a matter of technology: in the back - south, on the right - west, and on the left - east.
And in the end, a few auxiliary signs:
anthills are most often located south of the nearest trees; stump cuts have a denser arrangement of annual rings on the north side than on the south; the bark of trees on the north side is usually “coarser” (has a larger pattern) and darker than on the south side of the tree.
Advice 1: How to determine the cardinal points in an apartment without a compass
There are different situations in life, and it happens that the sides of the world need to be quickly determined, while not even leaving the apartment. How do you do this if you don't have a compass? Before everyone, do not despair and try to get out of the situation using undoubtedly primitive, but no less ingenious methods.
one. The first thing that comes to mind is to turn to the neighbors. If you live in an apartment building, then it is absolutely permissible that your neighbors, who have been living here for a longer time, know where the south is and where the north is and will gladly tell you about it. 2. If you want to determine the sides of the world, being in your apartment, on your own, then easily observe where and how the sun rises every morning. From every window on every side it is allowed to determine the truth approximately. Accordingly, if you have the south in front of your eyes, then on the right hand there will be west, on the left - sunrise, and behind - north. However, this is a slightly inaccurate calculation, the tea luminary is in continuous motion. What if you need accurate information? 3. If a global network is available to your services, then it is allowed to determine the sides of the world with Internet support. To do this, find a map of your own city, where you need to enter your address. Later, the acquisition of a printout with your own house, which invariably indicates the sides of the world, looking out the window, it is easy to navigate. four. Another method is with the support of an ordinary mechanical watch with hands. This method works only if the day is fairly clear. It turns out, aim the hour hand directly at the sun, and divide the angle between this arrow and the number 1 if it is winter, and 2 if it is summer. This bisector will point directly south. five. If you urgently need to determine which side of the world is at night, then this can be done by looking at the starry sky from the balcony. If you manage to find the North Star, then keep in mind that it shines in the north. Finding this star is not difficult: first you need to find the constellation Ursa Major in the sky. Then we draw a conditional straight line passing through the two extreme stars of the Ursa Major. On this conventional straight line, five times notice the same distance as the distance between the last two stars. It is there that the North Star will shine. Stand facing her: the east will be on the right, and the west will be on the left.
Tip 2: How to identify a star
From time immemorial, the stars have fascinated a person and captivated his intellect. But gone are the days when people burned at the stake for the truth about the stars. Today the world is open to new knowledge, ready to explore and conquer the cosmic expanses with myriads of star luminaries. The profession of an astronomer is shrouded in a halo of fabulousness and fantasy, but what prevents you from becoming an astronomer for yourself? The stars shine identically to everyone, and you can absolutely find your own in the sky. a star ... There are many methods how to do this.
one. Get a telescope - certainly not as large and versatile as in observatories, but perfectly suited for star tracking at home. Such a device will facilitate the search for any luminary. 2. It is allowed to use a special map, which is compiled in the form of projections of stars and their constellations. That is, they are shown there schematically. Consequently, when you compare the desired a star in the sky with a map, consider the permissible image distortion. 3. Star Tracking Frame. Simple adaptation that you can do yourself. The method is described in any astronomy textbook. You just need to be fired up with desire and discover it. And then the vastness of the starry sky and your personal astronomical discoveries await you. four. And finally, in order to learn how to find stars, you need to start with the simplest. What is the most famous star? That's right - Polar. five. The sailors even have such a parable. If someone has lost their purpose at sea, he must remember the basic rule: follow the North Star. She will show you the right course. Inexperienced sailors shouted in amazement at the result: “But how can I distinguish this particular a star from a million others in heaven? " And the more experienced smiled tolerantly: "Follow the brightest ...". 6. Polaris is included in the constellation Ursa Minor. She is not visiting. It is allowed to find it every day, at any moment and from anywhere in the world. 7. If you want to discover Polar a star , then mentally combine the extreme stars of the Big Dipper's bucket, estimate the approximate distance and continue this line in the head upwards for another five of the same distances. The desired star will appear directly (or rather from above) in front of your gaze.
Tip 3: How to determine the cardinal points
It is allowed to determine the cardinal points by at least ten methods. Nature itself will help you navigate the terrain. The most correct method is a compass.
However, if a compass is not at hand, then it is permissible to positively determine the direction of the world: 1. Along the polar star. She always points to the north. In the sky, you need to find the constellation the Great Bear. This will only work if the sky is clear. The North Star is located at the end of the Ursa Minor's bucket, and the distance set aside five times, equal to the side of the large bucket, will help to “reach” it. If you mentally draw a perpendicular to the earth from the pole star, then north will be in that direction. Along the constellation of the Southern Cross. This method is allowed to be used in the southern hemisphere. The Southern Cross is four stars. To the left of it are the star-pointers. If you draw a perpendicular across the Southern Cross and intersect it with a straight line from these 2 stars, in the direction where they intersect, there will be south. 3. By the sun. If there is a clock, then in clear weather it is allowed to use it. We direct the hour hand to the luminary. If we divide the angle obtained between 12 o'clock and the hour hand in half, then this middle will be the direction of the south. It is allowed to use this method from 6.00 to 18.00. 4. By the moon. It will take hours again. The radius of the moon is divided into six parts. We look at how many parts of the disk the moon is visible at a given moment. By the hour when the tracking is carried out, it is necessary to add the number of visible parts if the moon is waning, or subtract it if the moon is waning. The resulting number should be noted on the dial and pointed towards the moon. In winter we draw a line between this line and the number 1, and in the summer between the number 2. The median line will be directed to the south. It is allowed to determine the cardinal points by natural indicators: 1. Everyone knows that moss grows on the trees from the north side. The same applies to stumps, snags, stones, etc. 2. Snow melts more rapidly on the southern side of rocks, hills and slopes. 3. Birds fly north in autumn and south in spring. 4. In summer, in hot weather, the resin on spruces and pines is produced mostly from the south side. Mushrooms choose to spawn on the north side of the trees. They practically do not grow from the southern one. 6. Ants arrange their houses on the south side of a tree, stump or bush. Also, the southern side of the anthill is more gentle. 7. Oaks and pines grow mostly on the southern slopes, beech, spruce and fir love the northern slopes. 8. Near stones, the soil is more moist on the south side.
Tip 4: How to determine the cardinal points without a compass
There is no more accurate method for determining the cardinal points than navigating with a compass. Scientists believe that this wonderful device was invented in China more than 4000 years ago. But imagine the situation, there is no compass, and the direction is urgently needed to calculate. What to do? The most important thing is not to back down or give up!
one. The surest way to orient yourself in an unknown area is to find the polar star in the sky. Finally, it means that it is night outside, and the sky above your head is clear. How can one find this very star? Heavily easy! To begin with, we will find the characteristic outlines of the "Huge bear", also popularly called the bucket. Now let's mentally unite the two extreme stars of our "bucket" with a straight line. Using our imagination, let's "draw" the line further and measure on it five more distances, the same as between our two stars. So we found the pole star, which, if you face it, invariably points to the north! Further a matter of technique: south in the back, west on the left and east on the right. 2. What to do during the day? During the day we will be guided by the sun. At noon it was at its zenith and points to the south. Sunrise is invariably in the east, and sunset, respectively, in the west. But there is one more method for determining the cardinal points by the sun. To do this, you need an ordinary wristwatch. Point the small hour hand of the clock at the light. Divide the smaller sector between this hand and 12 o'clock into 2 parts. Draw a line in your mind that will show you where the south is. 3. Another method of determining direction is by observing the trees. Note that one side of the tree virtually invariably has more branches, and the branches on that side are longer. All living things are drawn to the light and sun. Long branches point south. Moss, on the other hand, hides from the sun, and therefore preferably grows on the opposite northern side. And if you find a tree stump with well-defined annual rings, then pay attention to their width. On the south side, the distance between them is greater. Birch bark on the north side is darker than on the south. four. The cardinal points can be determined by the shape of an ordinary anthill. Like all insects, ants need warmth, therefore, the side of the anthill, facing south, is more shallow. But on the northern side of the anthill, there is usually a tree or stone that protects the colony from the cold.
Tip 5: How to determine the cardinal points in an apartment
To apply feng shui theses, you need to know the directions of the cardinal points correctly enough. According to this eastern practice of symbolic development of space, such an ability will allow you to bring harmonics, peace and comfort, fun and prosperity into your city apartment. But what if there is no compass at hand, and the location of the sides of the horizon is unknown? Take your time to say goodbye to dreams of achieving harmonics in your home. You will need
- Clock with hands and dial, Luminary; polar Star
one. The first method is based on the fact that at the latitude of Central Russia the Sun is approximately located at 7 o'clock in the east, at 13 o'clock in the south, at 19 o'clock in the west. Guided by this information, you can easily determine the cardinal points in the apartment, of course, in clear, clear weather. 2. The arrow clock will help you to orient yourself more correctly according to the daylight. Place the watch horizontally. Set the hour hand so that it is directed exactly to the Luminary. Divide the angle between the hour hand and the direction at 1 o'clock in half with a straight line. This line will indicate the direction to the south. 3. In order to determine the direction to the south, keep in mind that before 12 noon the angle is divided in half, so that the hour hand must pass before 1 pm. After 12 noon, you need to halve the arc that is traversed by the arrow later than 1 pm. four. On a clear and clear night, it is rather primitive to determine the sides of the horizon by the stars. Spot the Ursa Major constellation in the sky, shaped like a bucket. Draw a straight line through the two extreme stars of the bucket. Set aside on this straight line a segment equal to the distance between the indicated stars five times. The end of the fifth segment will indicate the North Star, that is, to the north. This is the final star in the Ursa Minor bucket. five. If an Orthodox church is located near your home, this will also help you determine the cardinal points. The fact is that church buildings are invariably oriented along the sides of the horizon. The lowered end of the lower crossbar of the cross on the dome of the church faces south, and the raised edge of the crossbar faces north. The church altar is to the east. Helpful advice City Apartment Feng Shui by Richard Webster 2005
Tip 6: How to determine the south without a compass
There is a judgment that the compass is a necessary device for orientation on the terrain. However, this is not entirely true. In the life of any person, a situation may appear when it is necessary to determine the north, south, west and east without compass ... It is not so difficult and even a child can do it with some preparation. The main thing is to know what methods exist for determining the cardinal points. The most famous of them are the determination of the direction by the sun, with the help of a wristwatch, by the stars and by natural signs.
one. If you get up at noon with your back to the sun, north is directly ahead. East is on your right and west is on your left. Behind you, respectively, will be south. Recall that at noon the star is at the highest point for each day, called the zenith. It must be understood that during the day the star is invariably located south of you. 2. It is also allowed to determine the southern direction with the help of a primitive mechanical wristwatch. To do this, you need to direct the hour hand to the luminary, and then divide in half the angle formed by the hour hand and the number "one" in the winter, or the number "two" in the summer. The resulting direction of the ray, dividing this angle in half and will point to the south. But this method has some error, the error is extremely significant if you are in the summer in the southern regions of the country. 3. There is another method for determining the direction of the sun. It is necessary in clear weather to stick a stick in the ground and notice the location of the end of the shadow. After 20-30 minutes, again notice the location of the end of the shadow. The line drawn between these points indicates the direction from west to east. four. At night, orientation is carried out by the stars. The main landmark in the sky is the North Star. In order to find it, we find the constellations Ursa Major and Ursa Minor. If we mentally draw a line between the two extreme stars of the Ursa Major and extend this line to the first brilliant star of the Ursa Minor, we will find the North Star. Facing the North Star, you will look directly north. South will be behind you. five. Also, the southern direction can be determined by natural signs. The berries ripen more rapidly on the south side, the anthills have a more gentle slope on the south side, the tree trunks are more clear and smooth also on the south side. In turn, various mosses and lichens dominate on the northern side of stones and trees. In spring, the snow melts more rapidly on the southern side of the hill. Helpful advice When determining the cardinal points without a compass, it is desirable to be guided by several described signs at once.
Tip 7: How to determine where north is without a compass
When it's hot outside, few people want to stay at home. And the city is stuffy and dusty. Only country freshness helps out. In nature, different situations may appear, it is permissible to get lost not only in dense forests, but also in the open steppe. There is nowhere without orienteering skills. You do not have compass ? You don't know where north ? Don't panic, there are tons of methods to find out which direction to go.
one. The first variant of orientation on the terrain is orientation by the Sun. Determine where is north , primitive mechanical or quartz watches will help. Point the hour hand at the luminary and divide the angle between it and the number in half (the choice of number depends on the time of year: 1 - in winter, 2 - in summer). This will give you the direction to the south. Respectively, north will be in the opposite direction. 2. If you are in the forest, then pay attention to the environment. In the forest belt, orientation is reduced to the fact that it is warm from the south, and from north a - cold. Lichens and mosses grow with north the side of trees and stones, and in wet weather, dark stripes can be noticed on the trunks of pines. On conifers with north The resin comes out on the other side. 3. If you get lost in the dark, spot the polar star in the sky - this is the final star of the little bear's tail. Stand facing her, then right in front of you will be north .Helpful advice Never rely on just one sign. Use a few cues invariably.
Tip 8: How to determine the cardinal points by the clock
In order to navigate the terrain, first of all, you need to determine in which direction are parties Sveta ... If you do not have a compass, then on a clear day or a moonlit night in high latitudes, a wrist watch with arrows can replace it.
one. To determine parties Sveta by the hour, point the hour hand at the luminary. For greater accuracy, you can navigate by the shadow of a vertically standing object - a tree, a pole, a plumb line. Set the arrow parallel to this shadow. 2. Taking into account summer and daylight saving time on the territory of Russia, the luminary is in the south at 14 o'clock in the summer and at 13 o'clock in the winter. Mentally divide the angle between the hour hand and the direction in half by the numbers 2 or 1, depending on the season - the bisector will indicate the direction to the south. This method is the more true the further from the equator. In mid-latitudes in summer, the error of this method can achieve 20 degrees. In the southern hemisphere, this method determines the direction to the north. 3. If you do not have a clock with hands, it is allowed to draw the dial by trying to divide it into sectors in the upper right quarter as it is allowed. Instead of a clockwise hand, immediately draw a direction to the luminary. four. To determine the location of the parties Sveta at night, first you need to calculate where the star should be. To do this, mentally imagine a full moon, draw its radius and divide it into 6 parts. Look at a real lunar crescent and count how many such parts can be contained in the visible part of the lunar disk. Remember the number. five. Note the exact time on your watch. If the moon is decreasing (the sickle resembles the letter C - "decrepit"), add the resulting number to the tracking time, if it grows, subtract it. You will get a new number. Sweep it up on your watch face and point the mark to the moon. Next, mentally draw an angle, one side of which will be the direction to the moon, and the other - to the number 2 in summer or 1 in winter, and divide it in half in the same way as when orienting by the sun. The bisector will indicate the direction to the south. Note! When determining the cardinal points, hold the watch horizontally. Helpful advice Determine whether the moon is growing or decreasing, it is allowed with the help of a simple hint: if the crescent moon resembles the letter C, the moon is decreasing, "decrepit". If to mentally add a vertical line to the crescent moon, and later it will look like the letter P - the moon is growing, "young".
Tip 9: How to identify the pole star
Polaris is located above the northern point of the horizon in the Northern Hemisphere. This allows it to be used to define the sides of the horizon. If you find yourself in an unknown area without a compass, the knowledge to discover Polar a star will help you to correctly navigate the terrain.
one. On a clear, clear night, look up at the sky and try to find a bright constellation that looks like a large bucket. This characteristic configuration of seven brilliant stars is known as the constellation Ursa Major. Four stars make up the "handle" of the bucket, and three more by their arrangement resemble the bucket itself, which is a parallelogram. Many of the stars that make up the ladle have a shine of the 2nd magnitude and only one (Megrets) - the third. 2. Mentally highlight the two parallelogram stars located on the side opposite to the "handle" of the bucket. These are the stars Dubhe and Merak (respectively "alpha" and "beta" of the constellation Ursa Major); they form the wall of the bucket and have long been called "Pointers". Draw a slightly curved line up through them. 3. On the mental line through Merak and Dubhe, set aside five times a segment equal to the distance between these two stars. The end of such a segment will be located approximately at the location of the North Star. four. In order to check the correctness of finding the Polar Star, you should know that it serves as the final point of the handle of the small bucket - the constellation Ursa Minor. The North Star does not actually change its position in the sky, that is, it is static with the Earth's daily rotation. The rest of the stars that make up the Ursa Minor's bucket rotate around this point. five. Finding Polar a star , you can not only find out where the north is, but also quite correctly establish the geographical latitude of the place where you are. To do this, take a protractor and a plumb line (thread with a weight), the one that you fix in the center of the protractor. 6. Now move the base of the protractor to Polar a star ... Subtract 90 degrees from the angle between the base of the instrument and the plumb line. The total will be equal to the angle between the star and the horizon. Because the North Star of each is tilted by one degree from the axis of the pole of the world, then the angle you found between the star and the horizon will be the geographical latitude of the area. Related Videos Note! Fascinating fact: Pole Star is a supergiant. The distance from it to Earth is approximately 472 light years. It takes so long for a ray of light to travel this distance. So today you and I see the North Star as it was in the days of Christopher Columbus.
Tip 10: How to identify the constellation
No matter how excellent a person is here on earth, he will still inevitably be dragged to distant stars and planets - their captivating light will never leave the human imagination alone. The clever progenitors did a tremendous job - they collected the stars into constellations - conditional groups that help determine the location of celestial bodies in the sky. It remains only to learn how to find and define them.
one. Start comprehending astronomy. In order to learn to understand the constellations and be able to determine them in the starry sky, you need to have a general idea of the arrangement of celestial bodies and their movement. Purchase special literature, check the relevant sites. View images of constellations and remember how they look. In addition, similar literature usually indicates the directions in which to look for stars. For example, in winter the Big Dipper should be looked for in the northeast, and in the summer in the northwest. And by drawing conditional lines from one star to one side or the other, you can learn to find many other constellations. By the way, remember that in the starry sky no one will draw lines for you between the stars, so that it would be easier for you to find the necessary constellations. Remember not only the appearance of the constellations as they are shown in the pictures, but also the general arrangement of the stars in these figures. 2. Get a map of the starry sky and hang it in your room. Having such a tutorial in front of your eyes, you will quickly remember the location of the stars, and besides, you will have the chance to continuously compare the picture that you see from the window in the real sky and on the map. 3. Practice as often as possible. Of course, you will not be able to order the clouds to disperse, because you are impatient to practice in astronomy. But if it's a clear night, never miss the chances of finding familiar constellations. four. Get a telescope. In general, if you have myopia and do not wear glasses, this should be your first point. It is easily unthinkable to consider many constellations with the naked eye. A small telescope, perfect for similar nighttime tracking, is a good place to start. If you are serious about astronomy, you may want to consider getting more precious instrumentation. Related Videos
Tip 11: How to determine where north is in an apartment
Determining which side the apartment windows face may be required not only for those who decided to arrange furniture according to the rules of Feng Shui. Some houseplants grow superbly on the young side, but don't do well on the north. Emotional to the cardinal points can also be those plants that you, for example, would like to see on your balcony. It is possible to determine the cardinal points in an apartment in several ways. You will need
- - compass;
- - satellite navigator;
- - technical passport for the apartment.
one. It is allowed to contact the bureau of technical inventory and make a technical passport for the apartment. The area, number of rooms, their location are indicated there. Such a passport may be required for many purposes. But this is a rather expensive pleasure, and if you need it extraordinarily to determine the cardinal points, it is hardly worth ordering. 2. Use a compass. Looking at its dial, you will see Russian or Latin letters. North is denoted either by the Russian letter C, or by the Latin N - nord. You will also see an arrow, single or double. Stand in the middle of the room and place the compass horizontally. At the simplest tourist compass, you need to combine the end of the arrow with the letters N or C. Such a compass can be on the handle of a knife, in a lighter, on a watch strap. According to it, it is allowed to establish only the direction to the north, but in this case, this is exactly what is required. For Andrianov's standard tourist compass, you need to move the locking device in advance. 3. Many now have electronic compasses. In this environment, they, like navigators, are less comfortable, but still work. As usual, an electronic compass is built into an electronic clock. Switch them from time mode to compass mode, take a few steps around the room and look at the screen. It is allowed to use a satellite navigator. Such compasses determine the position of a person in relation to the cardinal points only in motion, therefore, you will have to walk around the apartment in different directions for some time until you see that you are moving severely to the north. four. If there is no compass at hand, determine the cardinal points by the sun. It is believed that the luminary rises and sets severely in the east and west, however, in fact, this is objective only for spring and autumn. In summer, the luminary rises in the southeast and sets in the southwest. In winter, the points of rise and set are located in the northeast and northwest, respectively. Determine what time of day the star is peeking into your windows. Stand facing the window. If the light hits it in the morning, then the north will be on your left, if in the evening - then on the right. five. A luminary that enters your window at midday, then the cardinal points can be determined with the support of an ordinary pencil. Place it vertically on the windowsill so that a shadow falls from it. This shadow will point severely to the north.
Tip 12: How to find north without a compass
In order to survive in extreme situations, you need to be able to navigate the terrain without a compass. It is quite difficult for an untrained person to do this. In order to really have an approximate idea of where to go, you need to possess theoretical knowledge of orientation on the ground and be able to determine the cardinal points by the sun, stars, moon, clock and various signs.
one. Determine north from your wristwatch with arrows. Place the watch in a horizontal plane in such a way that the hour hand is directed to the luminary. If you build a bisector between the hour hand (i.e. the direction to the star) and the direction at 12 o'clock, then determine the direction to the south. Accordingly, north will be in the opposite direction. Remember that the south will be on the right side of the Sun before 12 o'clock, and on the left after 12 o'clock. Use this method for orientation on the terrain from 6 am to 6 pm. 2. You can determine the north, knowing at what time, what position in the sky is the Luminary. Remember that in winter time the Sun is in the southeast at 10 o'clock, in the south-west at 16 o'clock, and in the north-west at 22 o'clock. In summer, the Sun rises at 7 am in the east, at 1 pm in the south, and at 7 pm in the west. Based on this information, calculate where north is. 3. Determine north from the shadow. To do this, stick a stick about 1 meter high vertically into the ground and sweep where the shadow it casts ends. After 30 minutes the Luminary will move, respectively, and the shadow from the stick will also move. Sweep a new spot where the shadow will end. Combine the marks. The resulting line, directed towards the last mark, will point east. Knowing where the east is, determine the north. four. Use the natural signs of the sides of the horizon to define the north in the forest. Remember that anthills are more flat on the south side and adjoin a stone or a tree also on the south side. Berries will ripen faster than anyone from the south side, and resin on conifers protrudes from the north. Lichens and mosses will grow on the north side of the rocks. Consider a dark streak on the trunks of the pines from the north in wet weather. Remember that in spring the holes around the trees are stretched to the south, because on the southern side, the snow conceals more rapidly. Related Videos Note! Remember that the above methods have large errors. Use several methods for more accurate orientation. Do not trust crowns and annual rings! Helpful advice Consider that the Luminary moves 15 ° in an hour. Beginning the path, always determine your direction relative to the sides of the horizon and constantly check your course.
Tip 13: How to identify a network
Occasionally, the cellular network malfunctions, and this also happens periodically with phones. Provided that the subscriber is within its coverage area, there are several methods for finding the network. It is also advisable to initially make sure that the telephone antenna is in working order. You will need
one. If your phone is not defined network , establish before each the reason for the occurrence of these circumstances. This happens when you are outside the service area of the operator of your SIM card, with its long non-use, or with malfunctions of the operator or phone. If you have not used your SIM card for a long period of time (for Megafon - 3 months, for Beeline and MTS - 6 months), it is absolutely admissible that the number was written off from your name in the system and it will be problematic to restore it or it is completely unthinkable if he will be more busy with another subscriber. 2. If a network in your phone is not detected due to failures, reboot the phone, and more than any, turn it off and check if the SIM card is installed correctly in the corresponding compartment of your phone. After switching on, a mechanical scan will begin and determine the current network. 3. If it is not defined as before, perform a manual search for it. To do this, go to the menu of your phone and go to the search parameters, specifying the manual method. After a certain time of scanning the networks available in your location, the phone will give you a list of operators. Choose among them the one whose SIM card is in your phone. four. In the case when network not determined by the above method, contact the operator to find out the reasons for this problem. You can find out the technical support number of a mobile provider on its official website. You can also contact the service offices of the company to find out and eliminate the causes of obstacles with the definition of the network. It is also permissible to do this at the points of sale of mobile phones that support the work with SIM cards of the cellular network operator serving you. Helpful advice Check the performance of the antenna with SIM cards from other operators.
Tip 14: How to determine the cardinal points of the sun
Modern navigation devices allow you to navigate the terrain fairly correctly. However, they have one significant drawback: they require energy sources. Cases when you need to look for other methods to determine your location are not so rare. One of the most common methods is orientation by the sun .You will need
- - mechanical or electromechanical watches.
- - local map.
one. Going on a hike, take with you the most ordinary watch with an arrow. Better if they are mechanical, because they do not depend on the battery. It is also allowed to use electromechanical devices in a waterproof case. Change the battery before going on a trip. It is necessary to synchronize watches according to the standard in any case. 2. Find some noticeable object on the ground. It can be a railway station, a large structure, a body of water, etc. The object should be marked on the map as well. 3. Position the dial so that the hour hand points to the luminary. Being in a country where the generally recognized time is more or less consistent with the astronomical time, mentally continue the line from the center of the dial to the number 12. If it happens in Russia, where noon is 2 hours later than it should be according to astronomical time, draw a mental line towards the number 2. This happened because the daylight saving time was established long ago, when the hour is added to the astronomical one. In addition, after the end of the time changeover, daylight saving was left, which added one more hour. four. Divide the angle between the hour hand and the direction by the corresponding number in half. This will be the direction to the south. Knowing your location regarding this part Sveta , define the rest. five. Face south. Behind you, of course, you will find the north. The left will be west and the right will be east. This is how the cardinal points are located on a standard printed map. 6. Place the map of the area so that the direction to the south determined by the clock coincides with the corresponding direction on the map. Find the next point on your route. It should be just as visible, and plot a route to it. On rough terrain, it rarely happens so that from one point to another it was allowed to get severely in a straight line. You will certainly have to bypass some obstacles. Consequently, it is necessary to control your location at the entire reference point. 7. It is possible to determine the cardinal points without a mechanical clock. In this case, they are used only as a device for determining the time. At noon, Astronomical Time, stand with your back to the sun. Your shadow will point you in the northern direction in the Northern Hemisphere. In the South, everything will be the opposite. Note! Note that the midday line that halves the angle between the hour hand and the 12 o'clock direction may be on either side of the 12 o'clock position, depending on the time of day. Helpful advice The location of the cardinal points in the sun is allowed to be determined at other times. At 6 o'clock in the morning astronomical time, it is in the east, at 9 in the southeast, at 12 in the south, at 15 in the southwest, and at 18 in the west. The way to navigate by the sun and the clock is quite accurate, however, if possible, combine it with others. If there are trees nearby, pay attention to which side they are covered with moss. This is the north side. The resin of conifers in hot weather is more richly issued from the south side. On the south side there is more often each and an anthill.
Tip 15: How to determine where the south is without a compass
Knowing how to navigate the terrain is definitely worth learning if you go on a hike or travel. Define without compass where the south is, is allowed in different ways depending on your location, weather conditions, time of year and day. You will need
one. If you have a watch, wait until 1 pm: at this time, objects cast the shortest shadow, directed severely to the north. On a clear day, it is easy to see the shadow, but in gloomy weather, put a knife on the nail - in any case, a small shadow will appear that will help to detect the luminary. 2. In order to determine the location of the south in the early morning, look where the star has risen. Stand facing the sunrise, with the south on the right. Using this method, keep in mind that in summer the sunrise happens in the northeast, that is, the south will be slightly behind on the right, and in the winter - in the southeast, while the south will be placed slightly ahead of the right. 3. Correctly determine the location of the south in the evening, at sunset. Stand facing the setting sun, the south will be on the left (in the summer - a little ahead, and in the winter - a little behind). four. If you have a mechanical watch, point the hour hand at the luminary. Then divide the angle between the number 1 on the dial and the hour hand in half. The bisector of this angle will point south. Keep in mind that you should always cut a sharp angle. five. At night, try to determine the location of the cardinal points by the North Star. To do this, find the constellation Ursa Major and draw an imaginary line through the two extreme right stars. To continue, set aside five times the distance between these stars. It is here that the North Star is located, stand with your back to it - in front of you is the south. 6. If you need to determine the location of the south on a full moon, face the moon - the south will be behind you. The moon in the first quarter (the crescent points are directed to the left) will be located correctly in the south at 8:00 pm, in the last quarter it will point south at 8:00 am. 7. In early spring, look at which side the snow is melting faster. If you saw that on one side of the ravine the snow had melted closer, one of the sides of a stone or a tree was freed - boldly make a conclusion that the south is located on this side. At the same time, keep in mind that the sun must have access to the selected object.