Master class "How to make a mat for children's work" Rowan branch "with your own hands. Kindergarten teachers, school teachers and teachers - Maam.ru

Trubacheva Elena Borisovna Master class "How to make a mat for children's work" Rowan branch "with your own hands

Master class on how to make a mat for children's work «Rowan branch » by their

hands

purpose master class : is the transfer of personal professional experience to colleagues.

Tasks master class :

Creation of conditions for professional communication;

Professional development skill

Teach making techniques passport ;

Develop creative imagination, constructive thinking;

To instill the ability to see beauty;

Cultivate neatness when performing works ;

Receive a positive charge from work ;

Passepartout (fr. passe partout) - a piece of cardboard with a rectangular, oval or round hole cut out in its middle for a frame, into which a photo or drawing is inserted.

For creating we need a mat :

Master class "How to make a mat for children

Work on the manufacture of mat start by marking up on a sheet of A-2 paper.

We take children's work and put on a sheet of cardboard (format A 2) .

Next, mark the dimensions of the picture with dots.

[IM

] /upload/blogs/detsad-188059-1575077133.jpg [/ IMG]

In order to connect the points, we need a ruler and a pencil. We will get a rectangle.

In order for our passport it was on each side of the same width, we retreat from the corners of the rectangle by 3 cm in each direction and put points, then we connect these points with a ruler, we get a large rectangle.

Next, we take scissors and cut along the contour.

Here is a blank for passport we should succeed.

Then, draw an inner border, indenting, from the edges of our work format А 3 , down 1 cm.

Then, draw the inner frame.

Opposite corners of the resulting rectangle (smaller rectangle) connect diagonally. Opposite corners of the resulting rectangle (smaller rectangle) connect diagonally.

We make a cut in the center and bring the cuts to the corners of the rectangle diagonally. IMPORTANT! Only the diagonals of the smaller rectangle! A diagonally cut rectangle will look like this :

Using a ruler, we sequentially bend the cut parts outward.

Using a ruler, we sequentially bend the cut parts outward.

Further in the opposite direction to a depth equal to the size of the large rectangle.

Turning over the sheet with the folded parts, we will see the following frame :

Summarizing

Master class on the example of creating a passport for a picture in AZ format

Required materials: ruler, pencil, glue, paper knife, A2 paper, finished painting A3.

A3 format has dimensions 420x297 mm.

Place A2 paper vertically in front of you. Find the middle of the sheet using the ruler.

The size of the passport should be 1 cm less on all sides of the work itself - A3 format (400 * 277 mm).

We connect the points, create a rectangle.

We create diagonals.

We have prepared the base within the frame.

Create fold lines.

Marks the inner and outer fold lines.

Create the main frame:

  • Bottom of the frame. We put aside 1 cm from the edge of the line and then 5 cm.
  • Side and top edges of the frame. Set aside from the edge of the line 1 cm and then 4 cm as shown in the figure.

What the frame should look like before cutting all the lines.

We take a paper knife, a ruler and cut all the extra side lines.

After removing unnecessary sections of paper, proceed to the diagonals. We cut the diagonals.

We bend the resulting corners along the outer line so that all the drawn lines remain inside the fold.

Make the second fold line so that the drawing line itself is visible. We do this with all sides of the corners.

Insert our picture face down into the created corners. The corners should hold the picture with their folds.

All corners must be glued to the main picture.

Finished work, registered in the passport.

The master class was prepared by the teacher of additional education: Akhmadalieva Elvira Marsovna

A photo Khabibrakhmanova Elena Mikhailovna

Today I want to show how you can make a neat mat on your own at home.

Then you can easily insert your work into it, and then into the frame.

Do not forget to put something very dense before starting work, on which you will cut. Otherwise, you can damage the surface of the table on which you are working!

1. So, we need:

- thick paper, preferably at least 200 g, in the size of your frame;

- stationery knife-cutter;

- pencil and ruler 40-50 cm.

We decide on the work surface. This can be a table covered with thick fiberboard or any other material where you can cut with a knife without fear of damaging the table surface! (It is important!)

2. We lay out a sheet of paper (from which the mat will be made).

We recommend watching:

Then we take a ruler and measure out the size of our painting. Before putting the resulting length and width on paper, subtract 0.7 cm from each segment.Let's say that you have the length of your finished work = 30 cm. Perfectly! Subtract 0.7 cm from the length and put it on our sheet. We do the same with the width. Thus, the resulting rectangle will be slightly smaller than the actual size of the picture. This is done so that when we bend the edges, making a window for the mat, we would not have seen the edges of the painting.

3. Next. Having drawn a rectangle, draw two lines crosswise. Strictly from corner to corner (as shown in the top photo).

We take a clerical knife and, using a ruler, very carefully and evenly cut along the lines inside the rectangle. (Trying not to cut through the corners of the rectangle!) As in fig. 2.

DIY frames for children's work

Then, before starting to bend the resulting triangular envelopes, we again take the knife and carefully, without cutting through the paper), we draw along the drawn lines with a knife. This is so that when we open the window, there are smoother edges. So, cut and unscrew the triangular envelopes!

Making children's drawings with their own hands

4. Then we will do the same in reverse order. Namely:

Let's attach our work to the open "window" of the mat.

We outline the edges of the work with karandosh.

With a knife, carefully, without cutting through the paper, we will make cuts and unscrew, now in the reverse order, our triangles-envelopes.

Here's what you should get.

Stand for children's work with their own hands

It is easy to insert the finished work into the resulting envelope! After all, this envelope is made just for this job!

Such a mat is convenient in that you do not need to glue the work.

And yes! Do not forget to put something very dense before starting work, on which you will cut. Otherwise, you can damage the surface of the table on which you are working!

Now the picture together with the mat can be inserted into the frame. I wish you creative success!

And if you liked it, I will be very glad!

Passepartout is a beautiful wide frame for decorating a picture, which is made of durable cardboard. As a rule, such a frame is made in the form of a circle, square or rectangle. Passepartout is located between the image and the frame, serves as a kind of background that is able to visually complement the masterpiece, give some flavor and originality to the work.

On the Internet in the public domain there are many matte pictures for different formats of work. Each baguette will gladly arrange the finished work in a mat, advise you to choose the right tones, texture, size, but this service is not cheap.

But if there is a desire, it is possible to make a mat with your own hands, using the step-by-step guide that is available on the Internet or specialized magazines.

What to issue in passe-partout

When designing many works, they use a mat. Often embroidered pictures are decorated with threads, beads, engravings, drawings, photographs ... Using a mat you can emphasize, highlight the necessary elements or parts of the work, create a 3D effect, the texture of the image ... There are many examples of a photo mat, where the work has a completely different look than without such a stylish registration.

Color is the basis of the mat

Before creating a mat for a painting, you must first decide on the main color. The entire type of exposure will depend on the color scheme of the frame, because with an incorrectly chosen color, the image can dissolve in the frame and, on the contrary, look very defiant.

There are some tips for choosing a color scheme:

  • white is good for black and white photographs and for monochrome work;
  • calm pastel colors are well suited for engravings, which do not distract the eye from the work itself;
  • rich colors are an excellent solution for posters;
  • black color visually reduces the image.

It is worth noting that when choosing a color for the base of the mat, you need to take into account where the finished work is located, what design, style, color scheme will be in that room, the work should look harmonious with the environment.

What to make a mat from

To make a frame with your own hands, you need to prepare the necessary materials in advance. As a rule, a mat is made of cardboard, which is created from pressed layers of whatman paper. So that the frame is not white, a sheet of paper of the desired color or shade is glued on top. Use paper that is well resistant to sunlight and light.

You can also use velvet, silk, suede, cotton to create a mat - such materials are great for decorating volumetric paintings, weapon displays, watches ...

Tips for creating a mat

To simplify the creation of a mat for a drawing with your own hands, you need to follow the recommendations of experts:

  • Do not allow the mat to merge with the image or frame.
  • For a clearer delimitation of space, a slip is used - a thin frame made of wood or plastic.
  • For a large, bright picture, a wide frame is well suited.
  • Is it possible to decorate a mat?

There is more than one way to make a mat with your own hands, as well as different options for decorating. Often they use a single-color mat in many works, but there are exceptions and I want to make the work more interesting and original. In such cases, you can do this using decor. To design a mat for a4 drawing made by a child's hand, you can use various buttons, beads, miniature toys ...

To decorate a picture on a romantic theme, it is enough to supplement the mat with lace, various ribbons, dried roses ... The lining made of brass, pressed and varnished looks very beautiful and stylish. This decor looks especially unusual on a mat for drawing a3. You can decorate the passepartout using transfer vignettes, art painting, polymer clay products ...

Easy mat for children's drawing

Children's drawings, applications can be beautifully decorated with a mat, they will also last longer, they can be placed in the room on the wall. There is an easy way to make a mat for a drawing with your own hands, for this you will need:

  • a4 sheet of white paper;
  • ruler;
  • scissors;
  • children's drawing.

Using a ruler with a pencil on a sheet of paper, measure 2 cm from each corner, put points. Draw an even rectangle along the marked points. Draw 2 diagonals in the rectangle. Make an incision at the intersection of the diagonals, and cut the lines along the diagonals to the corners of the rectangle. Using a ruler, carefully bend out all cut elements. In the resulting frame, carefully place a drawing or applique. Bend the bent parts of the rectangle along the outer contour. With such a simple method, it is also easy to make a mat for a drawing in A3 format with your own hands.

Passepartout for an embroidered picture

Many needlewomen want to decorate their work of art in a beautiful stylish frame, regardless of whether the picture is embroidered with beads, threads, or created using rhinestones and decorative stones. Each work done with your own hands requires a beautiful design, and if you do it yourself, the finished painting will become even more valuable and unique work.

Most often, for the design of embroidered paintings in a mat, different colors and tones are taken as a basis, except for white or black. An exception may be paintings in black and white.

Also, such works are made out in a mat from colored paper, wallpaper is rarely used, fabric is not used for decoration at all.

Simple mat for an embroidered picture

Before starting work, it is worth deciding what sizes are needed, because the frame should be about 4-7 cm larger than the embroidered picture on each side. You also need to take into account the fact that cardboard or paper, the finished embroidery should be about 2 mm smaller in size than the frame itself. Otherwise, the embroidery will either fall out or it will not work to close the frame tightly.

Using a ruler and a pencil, draw a rectangle or square in a certain size (depending on the format of the embroidered picture). In the drawn figure, draw 2 diagonals, make cuts along them with scissors or a clerical knife. Carefully cut out the inner square or rectangle, bend the edge inward so that the edges are even. Stick the mat to the base using glue or double-sided tape.

Corrugated paper mat

The work, decorated in corrugated paper mat, looks original, beautiful, interesting. Such an unusual design is suitable for a different design and style of the room where the finished work will be located. In a mat made of corrugated paper, you can arrange paintings embroidered with threads or beads, art drawings, children's works. In order for the corrugated paper to soften a little and not break so much, you can iron it with an iron through the fabric.

Use a ruler to take measurements from the cardboard backing. On a sheet of corrugated paper, carefully draw a rectangle so that all sides are 4-7 cm larger than the sides of the finished embroidery. Cut the resulting rectangle and put it face down. Now it is worth drawing a rectangle in size like an embroidery, draw diagonals in it. Carefully cut the diagonal lines with a knife, wrap them up and place the embroidered picture inside. Thus, the mat is ready and can be installed in the frame under the glass.

Passepartout made of floral felt

A do-it-yourself mat made of floral felt looks very unusual, such work will attract the attention of many. With the help of such a mat you can arrange photographs, children's drawings and appliques, various posters, embroidered paintings with beads, threads, rhinestones ... On the Internet you can find many different photo examples with exquisite decorative elements, using such material as felt you can make a real masterpiece. The finished work in such an interesting mat will look more advantageous and attract attention.

For a mat from floristic felt to an embroidered picture you will need:

  • floral felt of the desired color;
  • Ruler and pencil;
  • stretcher;
  • embroidered picture with white indentation margins;
  • cardboard in size as a stretcher;
  • super glue or glue gun and sticks to it;
  • scissors.

It should be borne in mind that the stretcher should be larger than the embroidered picture, by about 4-7 cm on each side. Glue the embroidered picture with glue or a glue gun on cardboard. Cut 2 rectangles from felt sheets to the size of cardboard with glued embroidery. In the center on the felt, draw a rectangle the size of the embroidery itself and carefully cut out 2 such rectangles. Glue the resulting frames in 2 layers on a cardboard backing. Place the finished result in a stretcher.

If desired, such a mat can be decorated with decorative beads, stones, beads ...

Do I need to take a course to create a mat

To make a mat with your own hands, you can not take any courses, online lessons. It is enough to watch a video example or find step-by-step instructions and be guided by it, use it as an example and supplement the mat with your ideas. To create a mat does not require special skills and abilities, you just need to be patient, set aside the necessary time, imagine a ready mat and start creating. On the Internet, there is a huge variety of matrices that can serve as an impetus to create your own masterpiece.

Photo of a mat with your own hands

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How to make a beautiful mat with your own hands

Even the most refined and beautiful picture without the appropriate design and high-quality frame will look completely inappropriate and pathetic. Therefore, before the needlewomen and craftsmen who create masterpieces with their own hands, at the end of the work, the question is "how to effectively design your creation?" You can, of course, take your work of art to a framing workshop, but this option is not cheap and not everyone can afford it. Therefore, the ideal solution would be to do do-it-yourself mats .

How to make a mat for children's work yourself

What is "passepartout" and what is its purpose

Passepartout is a special frame made of cardboard with a round, oval or quadrangular hole where a photograph, painting or any other work is inserted. Of this kind frame great fit for embroidery , for the decoration of the picture. The main task of the mat is to create harmony between the picture, the frame and the overall design of the room. With this design, you can focus on the center of the composition and perfectly fit it into the interior.

Master class "How to make a mat for children

How easy it is to make a mat for a picture and a panel, photo number 1

Passepartout is a great option to highlight the picture on the wall, especially if the color of the wallpaper and the image are the same. For example, if you want to hang a picture or photo depicting a forest in shades of green, and the wallpaper on the walls of the room is light green. Passepartout in a contrasting shade will be the ideal solution in this case.

By creating a mat yourself, you can leave as much free space around the painting as you see fit in order to maximize the emphasis on the painting. By the way, in this free space you can place an author's signature or a famous quote. Another advantage of the mat is its versatility - it fits for a picture or a photo of any size.

How easy it is to make a mat for a picture and a panel, photo number 2

How easy it is to make a mat for a picture and a panel, photo number 3

What is needed to create a mat

To make a mat for photo or drawing, the following materials and tools are needed:

  • cardboard or whatman paper;
  • thick colored paper of the shade you need;
  • scissors;
  • simple pencil;
  • ruler;
  • any glue;
  • metal corner.

How to make a mat: master class

How easy it is to make a mat for a picture and a panel, photo number 4

Independent making A mat will require patience and some effort from you, but people of any skill level can handle the job. Step by step the scheme of work looks like this:

mats options

1. Take a sheet of heavy cardboard and draw a rectangle. Its dimensions should be twice the size of the finished painting or drawing for which the mat is being made. This rectangle needs to be cut. Place the picture in its center so that the distance from the sides of the picture to the edges of the frame is the same. Trace the picture or drawing with a simple pencil, and then cut out the resulting rectangle. As a result, you will get a kind of frame with a window in the middle. Lift this part to the side for now.

  • 2. The next step is to make edging with a contrasting color. Take thick colored paper and cut four strips of the same width - about 3-4 centimeters. The first pair of stripes should be equal in size to the length of the window, the second pair - to the width. Then bend the resulting strips in half lengthwise, leaving a narrow edging no more than 2 millimeters wide.
  • 3. Place the strips against the inner window and check how they fit. Use a metal triangle to measure out the excess corners and cut them off.
  • 4. The next step is gluing the strips to the frame itself. The glue should only be applied to cardboard, since colored paper is thinner and can stretch and swell. This will produce unaesthetic bumps. Particular attention should be paid to the joints at the corners of the frame.
  • 5. When the glue dries, you can attach a drawing or painting on the back side, arrange the finished work with a frame with or without glass.
  • 6. It is worth noting the peculiarity of the embroidery design in mat. It is imperative to fix it on a sheet of thick cardboard using tape or a stapler, and only then decorate the mat and frame.
  • Little Tricks That Make a Passepartout a Masterpiece

many colors in the palette mat

embroidery decorated in a delicate mat

classic work in dark mat

poppies in light mat

When choosing the width of the mat, one should take into account the fact that a small image looks more effective in a narrow frame, and a bright and large one in a wide one.

Passepartout should be twice as wide as the frame itself.

In order for the mat and the picture to fit freely in the frame, it is necessary to make them 3 mm smaller on all sides than the dimensions of the frame itself.

Today I want to show how you can make a neat mat on your own at home.

Then you can easily insert your work into it, and then into the frame.

Do not forget to put something very dense before starting work, on which you will cut. Otherwise, you can damage the surface of the table on which you are working!

1. So, we need:

Passepartout for a romantic picture can be decorated with lace, ribbons, dried flowers, which will give it even more charm.

Passepartout for children's drawings is decorated with a variety of buttons, badges, mini-toys and other playful things.

We decide on the work surface. This can be a table covered with thick fiberboard or any other material where you can cut with a knife without fear of damaging the table surface! (It is important!)

2. We lay out a sheet of paper (from which the mat will be made).

Then we take a ruler and measure out the size of our painting. Before putting the resulting length and width on paper, subtract 0.7 cm from each segment.Let's say that you have the length of your finished work = 30 cm. Perfectly! Subtract 0.7 cm from the length and put it on our sheet. We do the same with the width. Thus, the resulting rectangle will be slightly smaller than the actual size of the picture. This is done so that when we bend the edges, making a window for the mat, we would not have seen the edges of the painting.

3. Next. Having drawn a rectangle, draw two lines crosswise. Strictly from corner to corner (as shown in the top photo).

We take a clerical knife and, using a ruler, very carefully and evenly cut along the lines inside the rectangle. (Trying not to cut through the corners of the rectangle!) As in fig. 2.

Then, before starting to bend the resulting triangular envelopes, we again take the knife and carefully, without cutting through the paper), we draw along the drawn lines with a knife. This is so that when we open the window, there are smoother edges. So, cut and unscrew the triangular envelopes!

4. Then we will do the same in reverse order. Namely:

Passepartout made of ordinary fabric look very original. They add a special home comfort and warmth to the interior.

We outline the edges of the work with karandosh.

With a knife, carefully, without cutting through the paper, we will make cuts and unscrew, now in the reverse order, our triangles-envelopes.

Here's what you should get.

It is easy to insert the finished work into the resulting envelope! After all, this envelope is made just for this job!

Such a mat is convenient in that you do not need to glue the work.

And yes! Do not forget to put something very dense before starting work, on which you will cut. Otherwise, you can damage the surface of the table on which you are working!

Now the picture together with the mat can be inserted into the frame. I wish you creative success!

How to make a beautiful mat with your own hands

Even the most refined and beautiful picture without the appropriate design and high-quality frame will look completely inappropriate and pathetic. Therefore, before the needlewomen and craftsmen who create masterpieces with their own hands, at the end of the work, the question is "how to effectively design your creation?" You can, of course, take your work of art to a framing workshop, but this option is not cheap and not everyone can afford it. Therefore, the ideal solution would be to do do-it-yourself mats .

What is "passepartout" and what is its purpose

Passepartout is a special frame made of cardboard with a round, oval or quadrangular hole where a photograph, painting or any other work is inserted. Of this kind frame great fit for embroidery By following all these tips and step-by-step instructions, you can independently create a unique mat that will decorate any of your works. At the same time, you will significantly save your budget.

What is a mat for drawing a3. How to make a do-it-yourself mat for handmade paintings? Making a mat for embroidery

By creating a mat yourself, you can leave as much free space around the painting as you see fit in order to maximize the emphasis on the painting. By the way, in this free space you can place an author's signature or a famous quote. Another advantage of the mat is its versatility - it fits for a picture How easy it is to make a mat for a picture and panel

What is needed to create a mat

To make a mat for photo - thick paper, preferably at least 200 g, in the size of your frame;

  • - pencil and ruler 40-50 cm.
  • Let's attach our work to the open "window" of the mat.
  • scissors;
  • , for the decoration of the picture. The main task of the mat is to create harmony between the picture, the frame and the overall design of the room. With the help of this design, you can focus on the center of the composition and perfectly fit it into the interior.
  • ruler;
  • Passepartout is a great option to highlight the picture on the wall, especially if the color of the wallpaper and the image are the same. For example, if you want to hang a picture or photo depicting a forest in green shades, and the wallpaper on the walls of the room is light green. Passepartout in a contrasting shade will be the perfect solution in this case.
  • or a photo of any size.

How to make a mat: master class

Independent making A mat will require patience and some effort from you, but people of any skill level can handle the job. Step by step or drawing, the following materials and tools are needed:

cardboard or whatman paper;

thick colored paper of the shade you need;

simple pencil;

any glue;

metal corner.

the scheme of work looks like this:

1. Take a sheet of heavy cardboard and draw a rectangle. Its dimensions should be twice the size of the finished painting or drawing for which the mat is being made. This rectangle needs to be cut. Place the picture in its center so that the distance from the sides of the picture to the edges of the frame is the same. Trace the picture or drawing with a simple pencil, and then cut out the resulting rectangle. As a result, you will get a kind of frame with a window in the middle. Lift this part to the side for now.

  • 1. Take a sheet of heavy cardboard and draw a rectangle. Its dimensions should be twice the size of the finished painting or drawing for which the mat is being made. This rectangle needs to be cut. Place the picture in its center so that the distance from the sides of the picture to the edges of the frame is the same. Trace the picture or drawing with a simple pencil, and then cut out the resulting rectangle. As a result, you will get a kind of frame with a window in the middle. Lift this part to the side for now.
  • 2. The next step is to make edging with a contrasting color. Take thick colored paper and cut four strips of the same width - about 3-4 centimeters. The first pair of stripes should be equal in size to the length of the window, the second pair - to the width. Then bend the resulting strips in half lengthwise, leaving a narrow edging no more than 2 millimeters wide.
  • 3. Place the strips against the inner window and check how they fit. Use a metal triangle to measure out the excess corners and cut them off.
  • 4. The next step is gluing the strips to the frame itself. The glue should only be applied to cardboard, since colored paper is thinner and can stretch and swell. This will result in unaesthetic bumps. Particular attention should be paid to the joints at the corners of the frame.
  • 5. When the glue dries, you can attach a drawing or painting on the back side, arrange the finished work with a frame with or without glass.
  • 6. It is worth noting the peculiarity of the design of the embroidery in the mat. It is imperative to fix it on a sheet of thick cardboard using tape or a stapler, and only then decorate the mat and frame.

When choosing the width of the mat, one should take into account the fact that a small image looks more effective in a narrow frame, and a bright and large one in a wide one.

Passepartout should be twice as wide as the frame itself.

  • In order for the mat and the picture to fit freely in the frame, it is necessary to make them 3 mm smaller on all sides than the dimensions of the frame itself.
  • Passepartout for a romantic picture can be decorated with lace, ribbons, dried flowers, which will give it even more charm.
  • Passepartout for children's drawings is decorated with a variety of buttons, badges, mini-toys and other playful things.

Passepartout made of ordinary fabric look very original. They add a special home comfort and warmth to the interior.

Following all these tips and step-by-step instructions, you can independently create a unique mat that will decorate any of your works. In doing so, you will significantly save your budget.

How to determine the size of the mat for drawing A3?

October 1, 2019

Decor

Shpakovskaya Ekaterina

Perhaps you or your child are fond of creativity, and you have a need to issue a drawing in a mat? But if there are usually no problems with the A4 format, then the A3 format is not so common, and therefore it is not so easy to issue it. How to find out the exact size of the mat for drawing A3?

What is a mat and what is it for

What is a "drawing mat"? This word comes from the French passe partout and usually denotes a kind of additional frame (cardboard or paper), which is inserted under the main one, and thus allows not only to favorably shade the drawing, but also to work more freely with the size of the image. Also, autographs are often left on the mat, some artists also write certain phrases or words.

How to choose the paper for the mat?

The choice of paper for a mat is usually not difficult - watercolor and pastel, and even the most ordinary colored paper, which can be found in any bookstore, is suitable for decoration. You can also use designer cardboard with high density, embossing, imitation of fabric or with an original texture. You can, for example, find metallized cardboard or cardboard with an exquisite pearlescent sheen. However, it should be borne in mind that for a mat for A3 you will need large paper or cardboard (for example, A2), so you will have to visit a specialized art store and purchase them there.

For the manufacture of a mat, you can also use such a unique material as fabric, because one designer cardboard or paper will not be able to convey its texture and velvety. For fabric mats, inexpensive Chinese or Korean materials are usually used, which have a fairly wide palette of colors.

How to choose the color of the mat?

Passepartout color depends solely on the taste and design ability of the artist, but there are a few basic rules that will allow you to set off your artwork favorably. The color of the mat should be chosen with an eye to the plot and tonality of the picture. If your drawing is black and white, then it is better to use a gray, light blue or snow-white mat. If the drawing is colorful and bright enough, then it is better to focus on pastel colors, and at the same time correlate the color with a certain element of the image. Thus, the viewer's attention is distributed.

Types of mat

In addition to a simple mat, which is a piece of cardboard with a rectangle or oval cut out inside, there is also a multi-window mat (when several pictures are inserted into one main frame) and a composite one (several colors of the material are taken). Also, an interesting design option for the picture will be the so-called deep mat, consisting of three to four layers of cardboard.

What tools do you need?

In addition to the main material, it is necessary to prepare a clerical knife, a ruler, dry pencil glue, as well as a fairly wide flat surface that you will not mind cutting. You may need to place a plastic or wooden stand on the table for this purpose. Sometimes amateurs buy special hand cutters for the manufacture of mat, which make the product more accurate and refined.

How to determine the dimensions of the mat for drawing A3?

Now that all the tools are ready for work, you can proceed directly to the manufacture of the mat. The size of the mat for drawing A3 depends on the size of the frame. Directly the A3 format itself has a size of 420 by 297 mm. Let's say the standard frame size is 450 x 350 mm.

To determine the size of the mat, you need to find the difference between the width of the frame and the picture. In this case, 450 - 420 = 30 mm. In the same way, we calculate the difference between the heights: 350 - 297 = 53 mm.

The results obtained should be divided in half, so the dimensions of the mat for figure A3 in this example will be as follows: 15 mm at the sides and 26.5 mm at the top and bottom.

Registration of a picture in a mat

Now that we know the dimensions of the mat, we can proceed directly to its manufacture. So, how to arrange a drawing in a mat for an exhibition? First, lay out the paper or cardboard on a clean and smooth work surface. Next, using a pencil and a ruler, measure on cardboard the size of the picture, which will be visible, and the size of the mat (less on all sides by 1 cm). A "rectangle within a rectangle" should appear on the sheet. We set aside the side and upper edges of the frame from the outer rectangle - this will be the mat itself, the part that is located between the frame and the picture. Next, draw two diagonals inside the rectangles. We take a clerical knife and cut the paper diagonally. Gently bend the resulting triangles so that all the drawn lines remain inside the folds. This is the first fold line. We bend the second line along the internal marks in the opposite direction from the previous bend, exactly 1 centimeter should remain between the bends. The result is a kind of "corners" into which the picture itself is inserted face down. We carry out in the corners and the picture with glue-pencil and glue them tightly together. Passepartout is ready, it remains to insert the picture into the frame. Sources: http://www.livemaster.ru/topic/2251353-kak-prosto-sdelat-paspartu-dlya-kartiny-i-pannohttp://www.artwall.ru/articles/paspartu-svoimi-rukamihttp://handskill. ru / 477725a-kak-opredelit-razmer-paspartu-dlya-risunka-a Let's talk about the main ways of framing pictures. Baguette

What is it?

A baguette in our case is not a long French loaf. There are special workshops where paintings are made in baguette frames. A baguette can be of any color and size, more often it is made of wood, plastic or metal.
A baguette in our case is not a long French loaf. There are special workshops where paintings are made in baguette frames. A baguette can be of any color and size, more often it is made of wood, plastic or metal.

What is it for?

The baguette frame not only decorates the painting, but also fixes the canvas.

 Step-by-step photos, videos and ideas for creativity

How to pick it up?

 Step-by-step photos, videos and ideas for creativity

Here are the main points to consider when choosing a baguette:

It is necessary to select a baguette for the picture, and not for the interior, so that after the repair you do not have to order a new one. You can take one secondary color of the picture and repeat it in the frame, or use one shade darker or lighter than the main shade of the image. A golden or bronze baguette, for example, will suit a painting in warm colors.

Now that we know the dimensions of the mat, we can proceed directly to its manufacture. So, how to arrange a drawing in a mat for an exhibition? Gustav Klimt, "The Kiss"

The frame should not compete with the picture for attention, but complement it. It looks harmonious when the texture of the frame repeats the motive of the picture or when the picture imperceptibly goes into the frame. It is necessary to take into account the style of the painting: modern painting will not look in a classic baguette with stucco molding.

 Step-by-step photos, videos and ideas for creativity

Let's talk about the main ways of framing pictures. There are composite baguettes for more creative decoration. They add volume to the picture. Pay attention to how there is a smooth transition from the picture to the external volumetric frame due to the composite molding:

Miniature paintings are usually arranged in a wider frame, and to fill the empty space and make the transition smooth, you will need a mat.

Passepartout

 Step-by-step photos, videos and ideas for creativity

Passepartout is a sheet of thick decorative cardboard, in the center of which the picture is placed. It can be colored and is selected for each painting separately.

What is it for?

 Step-by-step photos, videos and ideas for creativity

There is an opinion that framing shops often use a mat to raise the price, but this is not always true. Passepartout prolongs the life of the painting due to the air gap between the glass and the canvas. Passepartout also connects the frame with the painting, or, conversely, creates an empty space in order to concentrate the eye on the image. Passepartout can dim or highlight a particular color in a painting.

The main thing to know when choosing a mat:

 Step-by-step photos, videos and ideas for creativity

Choose a mat first, and then a baguette. Passepartout should not be the same color as the painting and the frame. As in the case of a baguette, it is better if it is half a tone lighter or darker than the secondary color of the picture, or coincides with one of them. It looks harmonious when the mat is slightly darker than the lightest shade of the painting.

The baguette and mat must not be the same width. Most often, a mat is made 5-7 centimeters. The wider the mat, the more emphasis on the image. Passepartout can be of different widths from different sides depending on the shape of the picture and whether it is horizontal or vertical. For example, for a square picture, you can leave the bottom wider than the sides and top. For the vertical, the top edge is wider than the rest of the sides. It is better not to experiment with cutouts, ornaments and additional drawings on the mat, as this distracts attention from the picture.

3 простых способа сделать паспарту для картины своими руками | Пошаговые фото, видео и идеи для творчества

Together with the mat you can use a slip - a narrow decorative frame. It is needed to give the painting depth and texture.

Text: Valeria Markova

Illustrations taken from open sources

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You can decorate a painting, photograph, embroidery, etc., in various ways. One of them is a mat or print. At its core, it is cardboard (but you can also take thick paper), made in a special way. It is very easy to make a mat for a picture with your own hands, in this article we will tell you about the three most popular methods. Videos will also be.

Passepartout for do-it-yourself painting

  1. Before proceeding with the manufacture of this decorative element, it is important to note some of the subtleties of its choice. First of all, why do you need such a design?
  2. It is beautiful and original, plus everything, it helps to emphasize your work (painting or embroidery);

3 простых способа сделать паспарту для картины своими руками | Пошаговые фото, видео и идеи для творчества

You can add labels;

No need to fit the frame exactly to the size of the job.

  • How to choose a mat?

  • As in any other creative work, harmony and a sense of proportion are important here. When choosing such a design, you need:

  • scissors;

  • maintain the color scheme, so the mat should contrast with the picture;

  • maintain a certain aspect ratio (the width can be different, you need to find the option that suits you, often the width of the mat is twice the frame of the picture).

  • , for the decoration of the picture. The main task of the mat is to create harmony between the picture, the frame and the overall design of the room. With the help of this design, you can focus on the center of the composition and perfectly fit it into the interior.

  • Manufacturing method No 1 (with edging)

To make a mat for a photo or painting with our own hands, we need:

cardboard, however, you can take a sheet of Whatman paper;

thick colored paper or wallpaper (yes, this option is also possible);

stationery knife;

ruler and corner;

glue.

To make a mat on your own, you need to stock up on a drop of patience - there is not much work, but it is neat. We've broken down the manufacturing method into simple steps:

1. We measure the finished work, for which we make a mat. Then we take a sheet of Whatman paper or cardboard, it should be twice the size of our photo / painting / drawing, we outline a rectangle that matches the dimensions of the finished work (you can just circle the picture).

It is important that the distance from the edges of the cardboard to the border of the work is the same.

2. Now we cut out our outlined rectangle. As a result, you get a sheet of Whatman paper, with a window in the middle.

3 простых способа сделать паспарту для картины своими руками | Пошаговые фото, видео и идеи для творчества

Then you need to make an edging of colored paper, or wallpaper. To do this, you need to cut 4 strips 4 cm wide (2 strips are equal in length to the width of our picture, and 2 to its length).

Then, bend the cut strips in half lengthwise. In the middle, we leave a narrow edging 2 millimeters wide.

3. Next, you need to adjust the strips, just attach them to the inner window in the Whatman paper, measure and cut the inner corners.

  • 4. Then you need to glue the edging to the cardboard.

  • Important! Apply glue to cardboard or whatman paper, as colored paper is lighter and can deteriorate. And pay attention to the joints in the corners.

  • 5. After the glue is dry, attach a photo or drawing from the back side, adjust it the way you like it, fix it and you can insert it into the frame.

  • If you design embroidery in a mat, then it must first be fixed on a sheet of thick cardboard. You can use a regular stationery stapler for these purposes.

  • Manufacturing method # 2 (popular)

To make a mat using this method, you will need:

picture frame;

3 простых способа сделать паспарту для картины своими руками | Пошаговые фото, видео и идеи для творчества

a sheet of cardboard, whatman paper, wallpaper or watercolor paper;

scissors and a stationery knife;

glue;

ruler.

An article almost on the topic: How to bookmark a book with your own hands - a huge number of ideas and options.

1. Each frame for a photo (picture) is accompanied by a piece of cardboard, the one that captures the image from the back. And if it fits snugly, then we will take it as the basis of our mat. To do this, take a cardboard box, put it on a sheet of Whatman paper or watercolor paper, circle and cut out a rectangle of the required size.

2. Further on it is necessary to find the middle. And from it, set aside half the size of the photo (picture) in height and width. This is done to keep the drawing centered.

3. Then, in accordance with the calculations, we draw a frame - a cutout of the mat. Then we retreat from it 2 mm inward and draw another frame.

4. Next, we need to measure the smallest width of the mat (we measure from the edge of the Whatman sheet). And from the first frame (the one that is closer to the edge), draw another one, in width, coinciding with the smallest width of the print (in the example in the video, a little less is taken, this is permissible). Immediately draw the lines of future cuts in the corners.

5. Now we need to make the depth of the print. To do this, we take a spoon or fork, and with its reverse side, along the ruler, we push the mat along the narrow edge (these are the 2 mm that we have outlined between the first and last frames).

7. Then you need to make the corner cuts. Attention! They should be done up to the frame, which is closer to the edge.

8. Bend the resulting "petals" inward along the ruler, along the line that is closer to the center.

9. We glue, at one point, on the mat we fix our photo / drawing from the inside. Better to take PVA - it does not leave traces. And put it in a frame under the glass.

Step-by-step video In the video, everything is described and clearly shown.

VIDEO

Manufacturing method # 3 (simplest)

  • To make a mat with your own hands in this way, you need to prepare:

  • cardboard, whatman paper, wallpaper, in other words, whatever you like best and suits the picture;

  • Determine the size of the print. Usually on each side it is larger than the finished photo on

  • 5-7 cm.

  • The rest of the steps in a short video. You will be surprised how easy it is.

  • How to make a masterpiece out of a photo: tips

Prints made of fabric look very original and cozy.

If, instead of the usual Whatman paper, you take wallpaper, then such a picture will be in harmony with the wall.

When choosing the width of the mat, remember - a bright and large image will look more effective in a wide frame, and a small one - in a narrow one.

A print in a romantic style can be decorated with lace, flowers, ribbons and other cute little things - this will add extra charm.

The same applies to children's drawings or photos: you can decorate them with buttons, funny images of toys, and so on.

Double prints look very advantageous.

Ideas for your inspiration

* All photos are clickable, taken from Pinterest, and copyrighted.

In general, the passe-partout can be decorated as you like, and with anything. It all depends on your imagination, and such a frame will look great!

Passepartout for decorating children's drawings. Master class with step by step photos

Author:

Lavrenko Tamara Mikhailovna, teacher of additional education MBOU DO DYUTS, Yeysk

Description: this master class will be useful for teachers of art and technology, teachers of additional education of artistic and aesthetic orientation, educators of preschool institutions.

Application:

passport is used to decorate children's drawings and photographs, as well as flat crafts.

Purpose:

making a mat out of paper

Tasks:

educational:

- teach to consistently make a mat

developing:

- to promote the development of aesthetic taste, creativity, attention, fine motor skills of hands;

educational:

- to educate accuracy, the ability to achieve successful achievement of the goal.

Materials:

thick watercolor paper A3

stationery knife,

scissors,

glue stick

simple pencil, ruler, eraser

Master class progress

In my work, I often have to arrange children's drawings in mat for various exhibitions.

Passepartout (French passe partout) is a cardboard or thick paper with a rectangular, oval or round hole cut out in the middle, into which a photograph, drawing or engraving is inserted. In other words, the mat is the margins between the physical frame and the image.

Passepartout decorates the work, facilitates its perception, helping the viewer to concentrate on the image, brings the "air" and free space necessary for the picture, approximately, like the fields in a book.

In this master class, I want to show in detail how to make a simple passport for a children's drawing or some kind of plane crafts. I'll just call it "drawing"

The dimensions of the passport depend on the size of the "picture".

In this master class, we will make a mat out of thick A4 paper. The size of the "picture" is shown in pink.

Set aside 25 millimeters on all sides of the sheet. You can make any of these sizes. Usually, if I make a passport for "drawing" A3, then I use Whatman A2 and on it I put aside the fields for the passport 5-6 cm.

If you are making a mat for a "drawing" with some other dimensions, for example, 15X10 cm, the mat margins are 5 cm (at your request). We make a calculation: the width of the entire passport = 5cm (field) + 5cm (field) + 10cm (width of the "picture") = 20 cm; the length of the entire passport: 5 cm (field) +5 cm (field) + 15 cm (height of the "picture") = 25 cm. On a sheet of cardboard or thick paper we set aside the dimensions of the entire mat: 20 cm x25 cm. Find the middle of the sheet, from it set aside the width and height of the "picture" in different directions, the given margins remain, draw a rectangle 10 cm X 15 cm (the dimensions of the "picture").

Now is the most crucial moment! Basically, all beginners make a mistake here and throw out the lined workpiece.

Attention!

Draw a rectangle inside the dimensions of the "picture"

... In the photo I have shown a red rectangle inside the dimensions of the "picture".

Next, draw diagonals from opposite corners only in the red rectangle.

We cut the diagonals with a clerical knife. Caution!

Only up to the corner of the red rectangle!

Next, you need to bend all the cut 4 parts. To make the drawing paper evenly bent, draw, pressing well, with scissors along the fold line using a ruler.

Then the triangular parts of the paper, cut diagonally, will easily and evenly be folded.

The next, very important point in the manufacture of a passport! After the bend on the triangle, you need to draw another line with scissors. It can be seen in the photo along the edges, it is a line of the size of the "picture".

This line is clearly visible in the photo.

Now along this line we will bend the triangle inward. A "lift" is formed on the product.

The process of folding the paper inside the mat.

Here's what we get. Photo from one side.

Photo from the back side.

On the reverse side, bend the triangles and insert the "picture" inside. Close the "drawing" with triangles. We make sure that the "drawing" fits into the frame tightly and that there are no wrinkles in the margins. If there are wrinkles or waviness in the paper, you need to draw lines on the triangles with scissors a little further 2-3 mm. If everything suits you, glue the triangles to the "drawing" with glue - a pencil. Do not use PVA glue! It gives waviness and dries longer. Try not to spread glue near the frame itself, only from the middle to the ends of the triangles. This is how we glued the triangles to the "picture".

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